IBM Copyright and trademark information (2023)

  • Trademarks owned by IBM
  • Trademarks A - Z
  • Numeric trademarks
  • Logos and design marks
  • Fair use guidelines for use and reference of IBM trademarks
  • General rules for proper reference to IBM product names
  • Special attributions
  • Other IBM company attributions
  • Uses

©Copyright IBM Corporation 1994, 2022.

U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights - Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

IBM Web site pages might contain other proprietary notices and copyright information that should be observed.

Trademarks owned by IBM

This is a current listing of United States trademarks owned by International Business Machines Corporation (“IBM”) and might also be trademarks or registered trademarks in other countries. Those trademarks followed by ® are registered trademarks of IBM in the United States; those followed by ™ are trademarks of IBM in the United States.

This list is not a comprehensive list of all IBM trademarks. Not all trademarks (registered or unregistered) owned by IBM are listed on this page. Failure of a mark to appear on this page does not mean that IBM does not own/use the mark nor does it mean that the product/service is not actively marketed or is not significant within its relevant market.

This list is updated from time to time.

Last Updated: July 2022

Trademarks A - Z

A

Accesser®
Advantage Suite®
AFP Font Collection for S/390®
AFS®
Agile Command and Control Center®
AGLETS®
Ahead of the Threat®
AI Suitcase®
AIX®
AIX/ESA®
AlchemyAPI®
AlchemyVision®
AlphaBlox®
alphaWorks®
Ammirati®
AML Atlas®
AML & Sanctions Atlas®
Answertree®
AnyNet®
AnthillPro®
APL2®
Approach®
Argus®
Ask Watson®
Aspera®
Association/400®
Audiovation®

B

BatchPipes®
Be Equal®
Benefit Design Modeler®
BIC Atlas®
Big Data Stampede®
BigInsights®
Blekko®
BLU Acceleration®
Blue Box®
Bluemix®
Bluewolf®
Bluewolf Beyond®
Bluewolf Now®
BookManager®
BOOTCAMP BY TAOS®
BORN IN THE VALLEY, RAISED IN THE CLOUD.®
Build Forge®
Built on Blue®
Built on IBM Blue®
Built on IBM Cloud®


C

C BEAM®
C3®
C-ISAM®
CareDiscovery®
Cast Iron®
CENTER OF INNOVATION®
CICS®
CICS Explorer®
CICS/6000®
CICSPlex®
Clarity.Confidence.Control®
ClearCase®
ClearCase MultiSite®
Clearflow®
Clearleap®
ClearQuest®
Cleversafe®
Clinical Points®
Cloud Extender®
Cloudant®
Co3Systems®
Code and Response®
Cognitive Business®
Cognitive Commerce®
Cognitive Economy®
Cognitive Era®
Cognitive Process Automation®
Cognitive Process Re-Engineering®
Cognitive Soc®
Cognos®
Collaboration Agenda®
Concert®
Connect:Direct®
Connect:Enterprise®
Consumer Advantage®
Context Accumulation®
Control360®
Cool Blue®
COPLINK®
COPSYNC®
CPLEX®


D

(Video) Trademarks and Avoiding Consumer Confusion: Crash Course Intellectual Property #5

Daeja®
dashDB®
Datablade®
DATABRIDGE®
DataMirror®
DataPower®
DataStage®
Db2®
DB2®
DCP®
Debater®
Demand-Driven Control
developerWorks®
DevOps Now®
Digital Catalyst®
Digital Reinvention®
Discovery Advisor®
Dispersed Storage®
DisplayWrite®
DOORS®
DS8000®
DSNET®

E

Easy Tier®
ECX®
eFilm Workstation®
Emb(race)®
Emptoris®
Enterprise Design Thinking®
Enterprise Storage Server®
EPM: Engage®
EPM: Explore®
eServer™
Everyplace®
Exabounds®
Exchange Atlas®
Expect More®
Extreme Blue®


F

FASP®
FDPR®
Fiberlink®
FICON®
FileNet®
FlashCopy®
Freelance Graphics®


G

GDPS®
Gentran®
Gentran:Basic®
Gentran:Control®
Gentran:Director®
Gentran:Plus®
Gentran:Realtime®
Gentran:Server®
Gentran:Structure®
Gentran:Viewpoint®
Global Business Services®
Global Mobile Innovators Tournament™
GuardedNet®
Guardium®


H

HelpCenter®
Healthlink Connect®
HTTPS Preferred®
HyperFactor Technology®
HyperSwap®


I

IBM®
IBM 5 in 5®
IBM API Connect®
IBM Automation®
IBM Big Data Stampede®
IBM Blockchain™
IBM BLU®
IBM Blue®
IBM Client Success Essentials®
IBM Cloud®
IBM Cloud for Financial Services®
IBM Cloud Garage®
IBM Cloud Managed Services®
IBM Cloud Pak®
IBM Cloud Satellite®
IBM Club®
IBM Concert®
IBM Consulting™
IBM Debater®
IBM Digital Catalyst®
IBM Digital Zone®
IBM Edge Computing®
IBM Elastic Storage®
IBM Exabounds®
IBM ExperienceOne®
IBM FlashCore®
IBM FlashSystem®
IBM Food Trust®
IBM Garage™
IBM Instant Checkout®
IBM iX®
IBM MetroPulse®
IBM MobileFirst®
IBM Next Five in Five®
IBM One Click Learning®
IBM Performance Field®
IBM Plex®
IBM PureData®
IBM Q®
IBM Q Experience®
IBM Q Network®
IBM Q System One®
IBM Research®
IBM Resiliency Services®
IBM Resilient Incident Response Platform®
IBM ReturnServe®
IBM Security®
IBM Services®
IBM Services Dynamic Delivery™
IBM SmartCloud®
IBM Social Business®
IBM Spectrum®
IBM Spectrum Conductor®
IBM Spectrum Symphony®
IBM Sterling®
IBM Watson®
IBM Watson Orchestrate™
IBM Z®
IBM z Systems®
IBM z13®
IBM z13s®
IBM z14®
IBM z16™
ibm.com®
ILOG®
ImagePlus®
Improvement Driven Organization®
IMS/ESA®
INFOQUICK®
Information Agenda®
Information Economics®
Information on Demand®
Information Optimized®
Informix®
InfoSphere®
INFOTEXT®
Infra'novation®
ingraam®
Initiate®
Initiate Systems®
Ink Manager®
InnovationJam®
Insight®
Instana®
Instant Checkout®
Integrate in Days®
Integrated Language Environment®
Integrated Systems Solutions®
Intelligent Miner®
IntelliStation®
IntelliWatch Pinnacle®
Interconnect®
IO2®
It's Always Now®
Iterations®
IZIK®

J

Jazz®
jStart®


L

Lab Advisor®
Language Environment®
Let's Build A Smarter Planet®
Let's put smart to work®
LoadLeveler®
Logiscope®
Lombardi Blueprint®
Lombardi Teamworks®
LoopBack®
LOVEM®
LSF®

M

MaaS360®
MaaS360 PRO®
Made with IBM®
made with IBM Cloud®
made with mobile®
made with social®
Making the World Work Better®
Managing the World's Infrastructure®
Many Eyes®
Maximo®
Mentorplace®
MetaBroker®
MI360®
Micro-Partitioning®
MicroLatency®
Mobile NAC®
Mobile Notes®
Mobile360®
MQIntegrator®
MQSeries®
Multiscreen Video Logistics®


N

NameGenderizer®
NameParser®
Net.Data®
Netcool®
Netezza®
Nettracker®
NPS®
NUMA-Q®

O

ObjectGrid®
OMEGAMON®
OMEGAVIEW II®
Omnience®
On Demand Community®
Open Class®
Open Liberty®
Open P-TECH®
OpenAFS®
OpenPages®
OpenWhisk®
Operating System/2®
Operating System/400®
Orchestrate®
OS/390®
OS/400®
Others Think; We Outthink®
Outcome Driven Security®
OUTCOMES ANALYST®
Outth!nk®
Outthink®

P

P-TECH®
Parallel Sysplex®
ParkMyCloud®
PartnerFirst®
PartnerWorld®
Passport Advantage®
PASW®
PASW the Predictive Analytics Company®
Perpetual Analytics®
Phytel Atmosphere®
PIN®
Plex®
Power®
POWER®
POWER8®
POWER9™
Power Architecture®
Power Cube®
Power Series®
PowerHA®
PowerPC®
PowerPlay®
PowerVM®
Proactive Patient Outreach®
ProcessMaster®
ProductPac®
Profit Seeker®
Promnet Repo®
Promontory®
Promontory Financial Group®
Promontory Growth and Innovation
®
Promontory Local Credit®
ProtecTIER®
Proviso®
PureAnalytics®
PureApplication®
PureData®
PurePower System®
pureQuery®
pureScale®
pureXML®

Q

Qiskit®
QRadar®
Quality Cycle Management®
QualityStage®


R

RAA®
RACF®
Rapid Financing®
Rapidimpact®
Rational®
Rational Developer Network®
Rational Rose®
Reading Companion®
Real-time Compression Appliance®
Red Brick®
Red Brick Vista®
Redbooks®
Regency Services®
Relevance Engine®
RequisitePro®
Resilient®
Resilient Systems®
Resource Ammirati®
Resource Link®
Responsible Computing™
Rhapsody®
RISQL®
RPG/400®
RT Personal Computers®


S

S390-Tools®
S/390®
Sage KnowledgeBase®
SamplePower®
Satellite™
Scalable POWERparallel Systems®
Secure Productivity Suite®
Self-Managing Anywhere and in Real Time®
Service Request Manager®
Services Navigator®
ServicePac®
SevOne®
Simpler®
Simpler Business System®
SiteCheck®
SkillsBuild®
SlamTracker®
Slash the Web®
Slicestor®
SMaRT Application®
SMaRT Container®
Smart Loves Problems®
SMaRT Workload®
SmartParking®
SmartSizing®
Smarter Cities®
Smarter Cities Challenge®
Smarter Commerce®
Smarter Planet®
Smartmodels®
SmartSuite®
SoftAudit®
SoftLayer®
SPSS®
Statemate®
Star Analytics®
Star Integration Server®
Sterling™
Sterling Commerce®
Sterling Information Broker®
Sterling Integrator®
Storage Beyond Scale®
StoredIQ®
Storwize®
Stream on Demand by Clearleap®
StrongLoop®
SuperPrivacy®
SurfAid Analytics®
Symphony®
SysBack®
System i5®
System p5®
System z®
System z9®
System z10®
SystemMirror®
Systems Application Architecture®
System/390®

T

TALENT AT OUR CORE®
TAOS®
TAOS OCIO®
Taos What's Next.™
Teamworks®
TechConnect®
Ten Demandments®
The AI Ladder™
The New Era of Risk Management®
The Open Brand®
The PGI Promise®
The Settee®
The world is going hybrid with IBM™
Think®
Tivoli®
Tivoli Storage Manager FastBack®
TM1®
Totalogistics®
TRIRIGA®
TruQloud®
Trusted Workplace®
Trusteer®
Trusteer Rapport®
TryTracker®
Turbonomic®
TXSeries®


U

(Video) Difference between Copyright Patent and Trademark

UC2®
uDeploy®
uDeploy®
UrbanCode®
urban{code}®
Ustream®


V

VendorCompass®
VIA®
ViaVoice®
Visibility Control Automation®
VISIBILITY.INSIGHT.ANSWERS.®
Visibility360®
VisualAge®
VTAM®

W

Watson Analytics®
Watson Anywhere™
Watson Education®
Watson Health®
Watson Discovery Advisor®
Watson IoT®
Watson Works®
WebCPO®
WebDialogs®
WebIntertalk®
WebSphere®
Wheelwriter®
Wild Ducks®
With Watson®
Word Pro®
World's Fastest Storage®
WPM®


X

X-Force®
XIV®


Y

You^IBM®
You to the Power of IBM®


Z

z Systems®
z9®
z13®
z13s®
z15™
z16™
z/Architecture®
z/OS®
z/VM®
z/VSE®
zEnterprise®
zPDT®

Numeric trademarks

10 Demandments®
7Summits®

Logos and design marks

AlphaBlox®
Be Equal™ device
Blue Box® device
Bluewolf®
XCITEC® and device
Flame Logo (Watchfire)®
Healthlink®
IBM®
IBM Bluemix® and device
IBM Business Partner®
IBM Cloud®
IBM Digital Health Pass App Icon™
IBM Peel-Back®
IBM Q®
IBM Security® and device
IBM Security Shield®
IBM TotalStorage® Proven
IBM Volunteers®
Initiate®
ISM™
IX® device
Lighthouse® device
Lombardi®
Lombardi Blueprint®
MaaS360® and device
MRO Software®
On Demand Community®
P Device®
Planet Icon®
Promnet Repo Design® and device
PROMONTORY & Lighthouse® device
Promontory Local Credit™ and device
PureData® and device
REBUS®
Redbooks®
Resource® and device
ResourceInteractive® word and device
SevOne®
SoftLayer™ device
STARANALYTICS®
Storwize®
Taos® and device
Taos CIO® and device
The Weather Channel Circular Logo®
Tivoli®
turbonomic®

VM TURBO®
Watson Avatar®

Fair use

Fair Use guidelines for use and reference of IBM trademarks

IBM trademarks include the famous IBM eight-bar logo and other designs and logos owned and used by IBM, as well as IBM product and service names. IBM takes great care in the development and protection of its trademarks and reserves all rights of ownership of its trademarks.

Use of IBM logos

IBM carefully limits the use of its logos. No other company may use IBM logos unless it has the express written permission of IBM, or is licensed by IBM to do so.

To obtain permission to use any IBM logo, contact your IBM representative or the IBM Call Center at 1-800-IBM4YOU (1-800-426-4968) and ask for Corporate Branding.

Fair use of IBM trademarks

"Fair use" of IBM trademarks, that is, use by a third party without express permission or license, is limited to text-only references to IBM trademarks such as product and service names, and excludes IBM logos.

In such references, you must be truthful, must not disparage IBM, and must not mislead the public. You must be clear and accurate as to the nature of the relationship between IBM and your company, its products, and its services.

Following are two common types of fair use:

  1. When you are specifically referring to IBM products. For example: IBM WebSphere software is a middleware platform.
  2. When you are indicating that an IBM product is compatible with another product. For Example: XYZ is compatible with IBM WebSphere software products

Please note that the emphasis should be on your product name and any accompanying packaging produced by your company. Labeling should place emphasis on your product name so that it is perceived as an application, developed with, compatible with, or running on an IBM product.

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(Video) Lesson 3: Select the pattern

General rules for proper reference to IBM product names

Following are general rules for proper usage of IBM product names

  1. The first use of each IBM product name mentioned in communications must be identified in a footnote or attribution. The attribution must be located either on the page/screen where the IBM trademark is used, or in the legal section of the communication or site in which it is referenced. Please note that laws concerning use of trademarks or product names vary by country. Always consult a local attorney for additional guidance. Example: IBM, MVS and WebSphere are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation, registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.
  2. In the United States, the first reference in text to all IBM product names should be preceded by IBM and followed by the proper trademark symbol. The proper symbol for registered product names is ®. The proper symbol for product names which are the subject of pending applications or are used in accordance with common law trademark principles is ™. Examples: IBM® WebSphere® is the leading software platform for e-business on demand™. The IBM® MVS™ operating system ... Rules for marking product names differ by country. You may need to seek guidance from a trademark professional.
  3. A product name should be used as an adjective qualifying a noun that is a generic description of the product or service. The product name should also be used in a singular form. Example: The WebSphere software family includes over 150 products ...
  4. Do not change the form or representation of the product name, including capitalization or punctuation. Example: WebSphere®, DB2®, Tivoli®

Use of "IBM" as a company name

"IBM", the 3 letters in text, is both a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation, and an abbreviation of its company name. When "IBM" is used to identify the company International Business Machines Corporation, it is called a trade name. Trade name usage typically applies when referring to a company as opposed to a particular product. It is permissible to use IBM as a possessive if you are referring to IBM the company. In that case the name does not identify goods or services (which are legally the domain of trademarks).

Incorrect use of IBM trademarks

Do not omit a footnote/attribution for IBM trademarks.

Do not alter the approved IBM trademark.

Do not create any new logo for IBM or IBM product names.

Do not incorporate any IBM product names into your company's product names.

Do not incorporate any IBM product names into the root domain of any Web site owned by your company.

Do not misspell or use lower case letters when using the name IBM in text.

Do not use the IBM taglines.

Do not connect your company name with IBM product names.

Do not use the IBM trademark name for a product or service as a noun, or in the plural form.

Do not misspell or incorrectly capitalize IBM trademarks. Always include the letters IBM before the trademarked IBM name on the first usage.

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Special attributions

The listed trademarks of the following companies require attribution:

Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries.

IT Infrastructure Library is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited.

ITIL is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited.

Linear Tape-Open, LTO, the LTO Logo, Ultrium and the Ultrium Logo are registered trademarks of Hewlett Packard Enterprise, International Business Machines Corporation and Quantum Corporation in the United States and other countries.

Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.

Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom.

UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.

VMware, the VMware logo, VMware Cloud Foundation, VMware Cloud Foundation Service, VMware vCenter Server, and VMware vSphere are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other jurisdictions.

The listed trademarks of the following company require marking and attribution:

(Video) Lesson 1: Importing the resources

The registered trademark Linux® is used pursuant to a sublicense from the Linux Foundation, the exclusive licensee of Linus Torvalds, owner of the mark on a world­wide basis.

Zowe™, the Zowe™ logo and the Open Mainframe Project™ are trademarks of The Linux Foundation.

Red Hat®, JBoss®, OpenShift®, Fedora®, Hibernate®, Ansible®, CloudForms®, RHCA®, RHCE®, RHCSA®, Ceph®, and Gluster®are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

RStudio®, the RStudio logo and Shiny® are registered trademarks of RStudio, Inc.

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Other IBM company attributions

The listed trademarks of the following IBM companies require marking and attribution:

At Your Command Continuing Education®, Banking is Business®, Batrus Hollweg International®, BHI® and device, BHI Career Management System®, BHIONLINE®, BHSELECT®, BHSELECT SR®, Click and Credit®, Click and Decide®, Click and Link®, Click and Post®, Click and Report®, Click and Screen®, Click and Track®, Clickable Software, Inc.® and device, Compplanner®, E11 Index®, Equassess®, Evolution®, Genesys Customer Driven HCM®, HD 360® and device, High Definition Assessment and Selection Science®, Hot Lava Mobile™, ISI Insurance Services, Inc.® and device, Job SPA Employee Engagement®, Kenexa®, Kenexa Careertracker®, Kenexa Customer Satisfaction Indicator Assessment®, Kenexa Engagement Indicator Assessment®, Kenexa Prove It!®, Kenexa Survey Scorecard®, Kenexa Teamwork Indicator Assessment®, Makana Motivator®, Making Social Work®, Management Success Indicator®, OTCI®, Peoplequest®, Performance Plus®, Performance View®, Proselect®, Prove It!®, Quick Select®, Resume=Link®, Safe Security Assessment for Employees®, SQ Service Questionnaire®, SQPlus®, Strategic Talent Life Cycle®, Survey Center®, Survey Insight®, Survey Vantage®, Talent Gauging®, Talent Manager®, Teamfit®, Touchscore®, Webhire®, What Do You Pay For The World?™, Workforce by Design®, and Workforcebydesign® are trademarks or registered trademarks of Kenexa, an IBM Company.

CADstream®, eFilm™, eFilm Workstation®, eMix®, iConnect®, and Lifeclinic® are trademarks or registered trademarks of Merge Healthcare Inc., an IBM Company.

Oniqua® and Oniqua IQ™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oniqua Pty. Ltd., an IBM Company.

Autobrand®, Cloud and Rainbow™ device, Connect With Weather®, Icebreaker Studios® , Rapid Fire®, Social®and device, The Lift™, The Weather Channel®, The Weather Channel®and device, The Weather Company®, The Weather Company®and device, The Weather Underground®, TWC®, Weather Anywhere®, Weather Bonk®, Weather Exchange®, Weather FX and device™, Weather in Motion®, Weather Insights®, Weather® logo, Weather Means Business®, Weather on Your Site®, Weather Quickie®, Weather Sticker®, Weather Underground®, Weather.com®, WeatherFX®, WU®, WU® and device, Wunderground™, Wunderground.com®, Wundermap®, Wunderpoll®, Wunderradio®, and Wundersearch® are trademarks or registered trademarks of TWC Product and Technology, LLC, an IBM Company.

Avcharts®, Defender®, ESP:Live®, Global Lightning Network®, Live:Wire®, Magictrak®, Metrocast®, Metvision®, Myweather®, Pilotbrief®, Pinpoint Lightning®, Routecast®, Skytrak®, Sportswriter®, Stormsentinel®, Taps®, Weather Central®, WSI®, WSI Inflight®, and WSI°® are trademarks or registered trademarks of WSI Corporation, an IBM Company.

FAQs

What is the IBM trademark? ›

IBM®, the IBM logo, and ibm.com® are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.

Can I use the IBM logo on my website? ›

This license does not give you the right or privilege to use the "Go to IBM" artwork or IBM trademark except on your Web site as outlined. You will use this artwork only as provided. You will not change the text or graphics any way, or publish copies of the artwork on your Web site or other Web sites.

How do I know if a symbol is copyrighted? ›

You can search all applied-for and registered trademarks free of charge by using the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)'s Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS). If your mark includes a design element, you will have to search it by using a design code.

How do you cite a trademark? ›

Citing a registered trademark is done by including the year of issuing the patent, the name(s) of the inventor(s), and the title of the patent.

Is IBM copyrighted? ›

IBM, the IBM logo, and ibm.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.

What are the 4 types of trademarks? ›

The Four Types of Trademarks
  • Generic.
  • Descriptive.
  • Suggestive.
  • Arbitrary or Fanciful.
9 Aug 2022

How can I use a logo without permission? ›

Other than using a trademark or logo for editorial purposes or as part of comparative product statements, you don't need to ask permission if the logo's use will educate, inform, or express opinion protected under the Constitution's First Amendment.

Can I use a company logo on my portfolio? ›

Unless you are not claiming that you had designed the company's logo, it is alright to add the legal name and logo in your CV / Resume or portfolio.

Can we use any company logo? ›

If you want to use another company's logo on your website, you should generally assume that the logo is protected intellectual property. Copyright or trade mark will protect most logos. Therefore, the next step is generally to seek permission for using the logo, ideally in writing.

What is the difference between copyright and trademark? ›

Copyrights primarily protect the rights of people who create literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works (like history tests, and software code). Trademarks protect the use of a company's name and its product names, brand identity (like logos) and slogans.

What symbols Cannot be trademarked? ›

What Can't Be Trademarked?
  • Proper names or likenesses without consent from the person.
  • Generic terms, phrases, or the like.
  • Government symbols or insignia.
  • Vulgar or disparaging words or phrases.
  • The likeness of a U.S. President, former or current.
  • Immoral, deceptive, or scandalous words or symbols.
  • Sounds or short motifs.

How long does a trademark last? ›

Unlike patents and copyrights, trademarks do not expire after a set period of time. Trademarks will persist so long as the owner continues to use the trademark. Once the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), grants a registered trademark, the owner must continue to use the trademark in ordinary commerce.

What is a standard trademark? ›

A standard character trademark is one where the trademark has word(s), letter(s), and/or number(s) with no design element and no claim to any particular font, style, size, or color. An application for a standard character trademark (also known as a word mark) protects the word in all visual displays of the trademark.

How do I trademark a name and logo? ›

Trademark Application Process:
  1. Complete a trademark search.
  2. Secure your rights.
  3. Submit an initial application at uspto.gov on the Trademark Electronic Application System or TEAS.
  4. Fill out the TEAS form for an initial application. Be sure to upload the file of your logo.
  5. Submit an "intent-to-use" form. ...
  6. Pay the fees.

Which 5 pieces of work can be copyrighted? ›

The Copyright Act of 1976 determined that “works of authorship” include literary, musical and dramatic works; pantomimes and choreographic works; pictorial, graphic and sculptural works; motion pictures and other audiovisual works; sound recordings; and architectural works. See 17 U.S. Code § 102.

What words Cannot be copyrighted? ›

Not Protected by Copyright:

Titles, names, short phrases and slogans; familiar symbols or designs; mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering or coloring; mere listings of ingredients or contents.

What are 3 of the most common trademarks? ›

Some of the most widely recognized and famous trademarks include: Google. Walmart. Vodafone.

Can someone steal my logo if it's not trademarked? ›

Whether or not legal action is taken for replicating a trademarked logo is fully up to the company or entity that owns the trademark. A company still has legal rights to their logo even if it's not trademarked. So, don't steal it because it's not trademarked.

Is my logo automatically copyrighted? ›

Is a logo subject to copyright? Yes. A logo that includes artistic or design elements, (i.e. not just the name on its own), is legally regarded as being a work of artistic creation and therefore will be protected under copyright law. Copyright protects the logo as an artistic work.

Can a company sue you for using their logo? ›

Using a registered trademark without permission from the owner can lead to a trademark infringement lawsuit.

Who owns the copyright to a logo? ›

Copyright law provides that the designer of the logo is the first owner, unless it's made by an employee in the course of their employment, in which case the copyright will be owned by the employer. If you employ a designer who creates your new logo, you will own the copyright in it.

How much do I have to change a logo to avoid copyright? ›

The 20 Percent Rule. If you're interested in trademarks and design, you may have heard that you only need to alter a logo by about 20 to 25 percent in order to claim it as your own. It can be inspired by a logo that already exists and is in use as long as it differs enough that it appears to be its own design.

Who owns the intellectual property of a logo? ›

Initial ownership of the copyright in a graphic work, such as a logo, normally vests in the individual who creates that work. The exception is a work made for hire, created by an employee working within the scope of his or her employment, but that does not apply to a work created by an independent contractor.

Should I trademark my logo or copyright? ›

A trademark can protect your name and logo in case someone else wants to use them for their own purposes. Also, you cannot really copyright a name, since copyright protects artistic works. This is exactly why you need to have a trademark that protects your company's intellectual property, such as your logo.

Can I put TM on my logo? ›

The owner may use the TM symbol regardless of whether an application for registration has been filed or whether the trademark is registered. The owner can continue to use the TM symbol even if an application for registration of the mark is refused.

Can I use the same logo for multiple businesses? ›

Yes, both companies can USE the same trademark to brand the two companies but only ONE company can own that trademark. One must license the mark to the other.

What comes first copyright or trademark? ›

Copyright protects original work, whereas a trademark protects items that distinguish or identify a particular business from another. Copyright is generated automatically upon the creation of original work, whereas a trademark is established through common use of a mark in the course of business.

Does a copyright expire? ›

The term of copyright for a particular work depends on several factors, including whether it has been published, and, if so, the date of first publication. As a general rule, for works created after January 1, 1978, copyright protection lasts for the life of the author plus an additional 70 years.

Do I need both trademark and copyright? ›

In short, no, you cannot copyright a trademark, nor should you need to. The two forms of protection serve distinctly different purposes. Copyrights are for protecting individual, authored works while trademarks apply to company-wide elements like logos and slogans.

What is the weakest trademark? ›

Generic. Finally, a generic mark is the weakest form of a mark because it simply uses the word of the good or service as its trademark.

Can 3 letters be trademarked? ›

Three or more letters, which are in themselves registrable, when combined with a numeral would generally result in a trade mark which is not likely to be required for use by other traders.

What is a poor man's trademark? ›

Answer: The phrase “poor man's copyright” refers to the practice of mailing a copy of your work to yourself. Under the copyright law, a work of original authorship is protected by copyright from the moment it is fixed in a tangible medium of expression.

Can you lose a trademark if you don't use it? ›

The Loss of Trademark Rights

You can lose a trademark in a variety of ways. You can lose a mark through abandonment. A mark will be considered abandoned if you stop using it for three consecutive years and you have no intent to resume its use. You can also lose a mark through improper licensing or improper assignment.

What does it cost to copyright a name? ›

When filing an application to trademark your business name on a federal level through the USPTO, you should count on paying between $250 and $750.

Can you copyright a trademark? ›

A trademark and a copyright have similarities and differences. Both are legal protections for intellectual property, but not of the same kind. Intellectual property that can be trademarked cannot be copyrighted.

What is the most famous trademark? ›

The Top 10 Most Valuable Trademarks
  • Google is the most popular search engine, and its trademark is worth $44.3 billion. ...
  • Microsoft has a trademark value of $42.8 billion and a market cap of $204 billion. ...
  • Walmart has a trademark value of $36.2 billion and a market capitalization of $184 billion.

What is the best type of trademark? ›

Strong Trademarks – Fanciful, Arbitrary, and Suggestive Trademarks. Fanciful, arbitrary and suggestive trademarks are the strongest types of trademarks and are entitled to the most protection.

What is the most valuable copyright? ›

The Most Valuable Trademarks in the World - Top 10
  • Amazon – 416 Billion Dollars.
  • Apple – 352 Billion Dollars.
  • Microsoft – 327 Billion Dollars.
  • Google – 324 Billion Dollars.
  • Visa – 187 Billion Dollars.
  • Alibaba – 153 Billion Dollars.
  • Tencent – 151 Billion Dollars.
  • Facebook – 147 Billion Dollars.

How many types of trademark are there? ›

In India, there are seven types of trademarks recognised under the Trademark Act of 1999.

What is a Class 1 trademark? ›

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products used in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other classes. This Class includes in particular, compost, salt for preserving other than for foodstuffs and certain additives for the food industry.

What is a 3 dimension trademark? ›

A three-dimensional trademark that is comprised of a shape that is acknowledged by consumers as a shape that does not go beyond the scope of the shape of the designated goods, etc. itself, is deemed as lacking distinctiveness.

Can I trademark a name myself? ›

You can trademark your personal name if you want to use it for commercial purposes like selling goods or services. Your name must be unique, and the best names are fanciful (not real words) or arbitrary (not connected to the concept they seem to represent).

Can I trademark a name for free? ›

A lot of people want to know if there is a way to get a trademark for free. The short answer is, No. You'll always have at least a small fee to pay. Beyond that, there are several different routes you can take when filing your trademark application.

Can I just trademark my name? ›

Because personal names fall into a trademark category known as “descriptive” marks, you usually can't register your name as a trademark unless you can also show that it has “secondary meaning,,” which is usually acquired through advertising or long use.

› ... › Trademarks ›

What you'll learn: Arbitrary and Fanciful Trademarks; Suggestive Trademarks; Descriptive Trademarks. At its most basic, the trademark definition is simple: ...

Trademark

https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Trademark
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Trademark
A trademark is a type of intellectual property consisting of a recognizable sign, design, or expression that identifies products or services from a particular s...
Unlike patents, which are granted for a period of 20 years, trademarks never end. Companies do need to apply for them and receive ownership confirmation with th...

What is IBM's legal name? ›

International Business Machines Corp.

What is the IBM logo called? ›

What Is Big Blue? Big Blue is a nickname used since the 1980s for the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM). 1 The moniker may have arisen from the blue tint of its early computer displays, or from the deep blue color of its corporate logo.

What is the most famous trademark in the world? ›

Some of the most widely recognized and famous trademarks include:
  • Google.
  • Walmart.
  • Vodafone.
  • Rolex.
  • Clorox.
  • Kodak.
  • Exxon.
  • Victoria Secret.

What is the strongest trademark? ›

The strongest types of trademarks are (1) fanciful or coined marks, such as EXXON for petroleum products; and (2) arbitrary marks, such as AMAZON for retail services.

What is IBM called today? ›

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)

Who owns IBM today? ›

International Business Machines Corp (NYSE:IBM)

Institutional investors hold a majority ownership of IBM through the 57.57% of the outstanding shares that they control. This interest is also higher than at almost any other company in the Information Technology Services industry.

What's IBM's new name? ›

IBM's managed infrastructure services spin-off explained. To sharpen its focus on AI and the cloud, IBM separated its legacy IT activities as an independent business. Now that company, Kyndryl, is setting its own course toward automation and hybrid infrastructure after a rocky start.

Why does the IBM logo have lines? ›

The famous IBM logo strips were introduced in the logo in 1966 to indicate speed and vibrancy of the company's international business expansion. The first IBM logo had thirteen stripes in black. Incorporating the strips gave the logo a new look and create a unique image for the viewers.

Why does IBM have a bee in logo? ›

Designed in 1981 by Paul Rand for his Eye-Bee-M poster in support of the IBM THINK motto, the rebus used pictures to represent letters. This rebus is now an iconic part of our visual history and in the permanent collection at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

What is IBM best known for? ›

IBM is best known for producing and selling computer hardware and software, as well as cloud computing and data analytics. The company has also served as a major research and development corporation over the years, with significant inventions like the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, and the UPC barcode.

Is Netflix a trademark? ›

Trademarks: Netflix is a registered trademark of Netflix, Inc. Patents: Netflix has patents that apply to our service. For information on Netflix patents visit netflix.com/patents.

Is Coca Cola a trademark? ›

The Coca-Cola Corp owns the trademark to the name Coca-Cola, as well as the trademark on the bottle shape, and the graphic representation of their name. These are all things that help distinguish them from other cola brands and define their individual product.

What was the first trademark? ›

The earliest trademark legislation was the Bakers' Marking Law, obliging every baker to put his mark on the bread he baked, enacted by the British Parliament in 1266.

What is the weakest trademark? ›

Generic. Finally, a generic mark is the weakest form of a mark because it simply uses the word of the good or service as its trademark.

What is the difference between copyright and trademark? ›

Copyrights primarily protect the rights of people who create literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works (like history tests, and software code). Trademarks protect the use of a company's name and its product names, brand identity (like logos) and slogans.

How long does a trademark last? ›

Unlike patents and copyrights, trademarks do not expire after a set period of time. Trademarks will persist so long as the owner continues to use the trademark. Once the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), grants a registered trademark, the owner must continue to use the trademark in ordinary commerce.

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