Chapter 21: 1870-1872 - American Children's Periodicals, 1789-1872 (2023)

American children’s periodicals, 1870-1872

Der Jugend-Pilger (Youth pilgrim); 1870-1914?

edited 1870-1895, Wilhelm Mittendorf • Arndt lists later editors

Dayton, Ohio: Publishing House of the United Brethren in Christ Church, 1870-1914.

1870-1874, monthly; 1874-1914, semimonthly

Religious focus: United Brethren in Christ

• German-language periodical

source of Arndt; Fraser

AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 issues only)

• “United Brethren Sunday-School Periodicals.” Northwest Expositor [Downs, Kansas] 15 July 1891; p. 8.

• “United Brethren Periodicals.” Central Expositor [Enterprise, Kansas] 15 May 1893; p. 5.

• “Facts and Figures Submitted to Trustees of U. B. Publishing House.” Dayton Daily News [Dayton, Ohio] 26 April 1900; p. 7.

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979); p. 27-31.

The Infants’ Delight (also Infants’ ; 1870-after Jan 1872

Boston, Massachusetts: Lee & Shepard.

monthly; 1 vol/ year

8 pp.; page size, 8.25″ h • Intended for small children: large font size and several pages printed in four-color

source of Lyon; OCLC; AASHistPer

AASHistPer, series 5

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; p. 256.

The Little Watchman ; 1870-1876

edited Levi H. Dowling, 1870-1872

• Levi H. Dowling & Knox P. Taylor, 1876

Chicago, Illinois: W. W. Dowling, 1870-1872.

• St. Louis, Missouri & Indianapolis, Indiana, 1875.

• Bloomington, Illinois: Leader Company, 1872-1875.

1871, semimonthly; 1872, weekly & monthly; 1874, weekly & monthly

1870-1871, 4 pp.

• 1872: weekly, 8 pp.; monthly, 32 pp.; page size, 32″ h x 22″ w; prices: weekly, 50¢/ year; monthly, 75¢/ year

• Circulation, 1872: weekly, 5,000; monthly, 1,000

• Religious focus


• One notice calls it “a little paper for little people.” [notice of Morning

• The Chicago Fire (Nov 1871) destroyed the offices and the subscription books: “The Subscription Books were all destroyed, and so we have no means of ascertaining the status of our accounts with former subscribers, and we are compelled to depend upon them for information, which we trust will be forwarded to us at once. … All persons knowing themselves indebted to the Editor, will confer a favor, that will long be remembered, by remitting the amount at once. Brethren, don’t take advantage in this time of peril.” L. H. Dowling, however, took advantage of the time to revamp the paper (and raise the price). [Dowling]


• Dowling reused the name Little Watchman in 1891, when he purchased and renamed the Christian Sunday School

• Levi H. Dowling published The Aquarian Age Gospel of Jesus, the Christ of the Piscean purported complete life of Christ which includes his formative travels through India and Tibet—in 1908.

source of Scott; Rowell; Bodenhamer; Campbell; Holloway; Notice of Morning Watch

AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 only)

• W. R. Holloway. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indianapolis Journal Print, 1870; p. 162. [google books]

• notice. The Christian Standard 5 (3 Dec 1870); p. 389.

• notice of The Morning The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health 52 (May 1871); p. 366.

• L. H. Dowling. “The Great Chicago Fire and the Little Watchman.” The Christian Standard 6 (9 Dec 1871); p. 389.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 31. []

• Rowell’s Newspaper Reporter. The Pantagraph [Bloomington, Illinois] 13 Sept 1872; p. 4.

• advertisement. Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1874; p. 451; copy online at UNT Digital Library

• R. A. Campbell. Campbell’s Gazetteer of rev. ed. St. Louis, Missouri: 1875; p. 714. [google books]

• Franklin William Scott. Newspapers and Periodicals of N.p.: Franklin William Scott, 1910; p. 31, 102

• David J. Bodenhamer and Robert G. Barrows. The Encyclopedia of Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994; p. 1182. [google books]

The Pacific Youth ; 1870-1872

edited Thomas A. Fisher, 1870 • William C. Forde, 1870-early 1871 • Collins Brothers, 1871

San Francisco, California: W. C. Forde & Co.

• San Francisco, California: William C. Forde and Thomas A. Fisher, 1870

• San Francisco, California: Forde and Collins, June 1870; publisher at 634 Sacramento St.

• San Francisco, California: Collins, Forde & Co., May 1871; publisher at 629 Clay.

• San Francisco, California: Collins Bros., 1871; publisher at 631 Sacramento St., June 1871.


Page size, 13″ h

• 1870: price, 25¢/ year, “city subscribers”; $2.50/ year by mail

• Issued printed in the first six months of 1870: 6,000 [1870 census, schedule 4]

• 1871: 8 pp.; price, $2.50/ year

• 15 June 1871 is new series vol 1 #22


• Forde is listed as a twenty-one-year-old editor in the 1870 population census. [1870 census, schedule 1]

• A serialized story, “Rest at Last,” was published during June 1870.

• The magazine apparently was printed in color. 24 June 1870]


• About the content: “It will give historical, geographical and humorous sketches; tales, athletic sports, puzzles, etc.” 25 Feb 1870]

• About the editor: “A juvenile paper from the far off Pacific slope greets us, and is no doubt wanted in that region. We note that Mr.

Thos. A. Fisher

, late of Philadelphia, is one of the editorial corps. He was a companion upon our California trip in October last, seeking San Francisco for his future home. Being young and able, we hope his return to his native city may be crowned with a golden harvest. His many friends will be glad to hear of and from him.”

• An attempt in 1870 to have public schools subscribe to the paper was met with strong opposition from a (possibly rival) editor: “We hope that the application will be denied. It is clearly in violation of the ‘Manual’ to permit any tract or any other kind of publication to be circulated in the schools. Besides, it would be in extreme bad taste to allow it. The pupils have sufficient tawdry now to ‘turn their heads’ and call their attention away from their legitimate duties. Books have been used already in the schools to corrupt and bias the minds of the children. If they need newspaper literature, let their parents provide their homes with a good family newspaper. In the name of common sense, then, we earnestly protest against ‘The Pacific Youth,’ and all kindred sheets from being allowed to circulate in our Public Schools.” [“It Should Not Be Allowed”] An application made in 1871 was denied. [“Board of Education”]

• Forde and J. Clarence Collins formed a publishing company—the Pacific Youth Publishing Co.—which is evident in the 1870 United States census, schedule 4 (Products of Industry), where Pacific Youth is listed as being issued by Collins; the partnership is enshrined in the San Francisco Directory for 1871, with an office at 629 Clay. However, by June 1871, Forde and Collins had acrimoniously dissolved their partnership, with both apparently attempting to keep control of the paper. The Collins brothers inserted a notice in at least one local newspaper that they and they only were responsible for the “The ‘Pacific Youth’ has removed its office of publication from 629 Clay to 631 Sacramento street. All business, of whatever nature, must be transacted with the COLLINS BROS., no one else being authorized to receive moneys or incur debts on the account of the ‘Pacific Youth,’ Room 18.” [“Removed”]

• Forde, however, resorted to assault and larceny in an attempt to keep control by appropriating subscriptions: “The publishers of the Pacific Youth have had some trouble recently, and a dissolution was the result. Wm. Ford[e] claimed the right of publishing the paper exclusively, but the opposing faction obtained possession of the office and had the paper printed. As Alvin C. Turner was serving it to-day, he was assaulted [by] Forde and John Shea, a fireman, who took from him his subscription book, containing his private accounts of carrying the Youth and other p[a]pers. He swore out a complaint, and Forde and Shea were are [sic] under arrest on charges of assault and larceny Forde claims that Turner had no right to serve the paper without permission of him, Forde.” [“ ‘Pacific Youth’ War.“ 15 June 1871] Forde had the original office, though apparently not the business itself: “In the account of the arrest of Wm. C. Forde, yesterday, it was stated that the opposition to him held possession of the Youth office and types, which statement was made by Mr. Turner, who caused the arrest of Mr. Forde. Mr. Forde claims that he has possession of the office, and that the other parties are issuing his paper from another office without authority.” [“ ‘Pacific Youth’ War.“ 16 June 1871] The charge of assault and battery was dismissed, but the larceny case ($20 had been taken) was continued. Forde seems to have attempted to publish his own periodical for children as a result of the dissolved partnership.

Pacific listed as a “literary weekly”—appears in the 1872 San Francisco edited and published by the Collins Brothers, office at 631 Sacramento. It doesn’t appear in the directory for 1873.


• At least one other editor of a periodical titled Pacific Youth also had legal problems arising from the publication: “The San Francisco Chronicle of September 8 says: J. H. Lichtenstein, a boy editor, aged perhaps 15, yesterday caused the arrest of H. E. Door, T. H. Kerr and D. E. Vandor, amateur editors still younger, on charge of libel. Lichtenstein publishes a little sheet called the Pacific Youth, and the others utter a paper called the Vindicator and Growler, and they have been calling one another thieves, liars, swindlers and villains, and all that sort of thing, for months past. The parties arrested gave bonds, and the case will be heard in the Police Court this morning.” [“Pen and Scissors”]

split Youth’s Gazette (1871)

source of OCLC; notices, etc., below

A story, “The Butterfly and the Bees,” was reprinted in Youth’s Companion [44 (27 April 1871); p. 134]

• Henry G. Langley, comp. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing December, San Francisco, California: Henry G. Langley, 1869; pp. 160, 242. []

L. P. Fisher’s Advertisers’ Guide [for the Pacific Coast]. San Francisco, California: L. P. Fisher, 1870; p. 112. []

• “The Pacific Youth.” Philadelphia Underwriter 2 (Feb 1870); p. 47.

• “It Should Not Be Allowed.” The San Francisco Examiner [San Francisco, California] 21 Feb 1870; p. 3.

• “The Pacific Youth.” The Elevator [San Francisco, California] 25 Feb 1870; p. 4.

• 1870 United States census: schedul 1, Inhabitants. Ward 4, San Francisco, San Francisco co., California; p. 212, family 2085. []

• 1870 United States census: schedule 4, Products of Industry. Ward 3, San Francisco, San Francisco co., California; p. 30, lines 4-5. []

• notice. The Elevator [San Francisco, California] 24 June 1870; p. 2.

• Henry G. Langley, comp. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing April, San Francisco, California: Henry G. Langley, 1871; pp. 167, 256, 512. []

• “Board of Education. Meeting of the Board Last Night.” The San Francisco Examiner [San Francisco, California] 11 Jan 1871; p. 3.

• “The Pacific Youth.” The Owyhee Avalanche [Silver City, Idaho] 20 May 1871; p. 2.

• “Removed.” San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco, California] 11 June 1871; p. 2.

• “The ‘Pacific Youth’ War.” San Francisco Bulletin 15 June 1871; p. 3.

• “The ‘Pacific Youth’ War.” San Francisco Bulletin 16 June 1871; p. 3.

• “Small Rivals.” San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco, California] 29 June 1871; p. 3.

• Henry G. Langley, comp. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing March, San Francisco, California: Henry G. Langley, 1872; pp. 166, 254, 515. []

• “Pen and Scissors.” Territorial Enterprise [Virginia City, Nevada] 10 Sept 1874; p. 2. See also “Precocious Journalism.” The San Francisco Examiner [San Francisco, California] 8 Sept 1874; p. 3.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; p. 246.

The Young Sportsman ; 1870?-1872

edited William L. Terhune

Portsmouth, New Hampshire: W. L. Terhune, Frank L. Howard, Reed Campbell. • Newark, New Jersey: Terhune, Campbell & Farwell, 1870


• Amateur publication

• Newspaper format; price, 35¢/ year

• April 1872 is vol 3 #3, old series


• The paper was intended for both boys and girls: “It is made up of good matter, in good style, and every number is overflowing with rich stories, sketches, poetry, puzzles, &c., for both sexes.” [“Something for the Young Folks”]

• William L. Terhune went on to become assistant editor of another paper in 1873: “Wm. L. Terhune, formerly the most popular amateur in the country as editor of the Young has again entered the ranks as assistant editor of the Young Lebanon.” [“Amateuralities”]


• W. L. Terhune also contributed to The Young

source of OCLC; pieces below

• “Prospectus!” The Young Sportsman 1 (Jan 1870); p. 8.

• “Something for the Young Folks.” The McArthur Enquirer [McArthur, Ohio] 4 May 1870; p. 3.

• “Amateuralities.” The Acorn [Woodstock, Vermont] 1 Oct 1873; p. 2.

Picture Lesson Paper The Picture Story Paper ; Jan 1870-1941

edited J. H. Vincent, 1870


1870-1871: 8 pp.; price, 25¢/ year

• Religious focus: Methodist

relevant The first issue was available in early Dec 1869. [“Catechism”]

source of Sunday School Sunday School OCLC

• notice. Christian Advocate 44 (9 Sept 1869); p. 288.

• “A Catechism on the Berean System.” Christian Advocate 44 (25 Nov 1869); p. 376.

• notice. Christian Advocate 46 (23 March 1871); p. 96.

• “Berean Helps.” Zion’s Herald 49 (19 Dec 1872); p. 610.

• “Picture Lesson Paper.” American Sunday School Worker for Parents and Teachers 4 (Feb 1873); p. 45.

• “Change in the Primary Helps.” The Sunday School Journal and Bible Student’s Magazine 52 (Nov 1910); p. 793-794.

Catalog of Copyright Entries, January-December Washington, District of Columbia: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1942; vol 36; nos. 7645, 18346, 29087, 30127. [google books]

The Young Sportsman ; Jan 1870-?

edited Edwin Farwell

Boston, Massachusetts; publisher at Box 536, 1870


8 pp.; page size, 11.75″ h; prices: 1 copy, .50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2/ year; 10 copies, $3.75/ year; 15 copies, $5.50/ year; 20 copies, $7/ year


• The focus of the paper was, quite naturally, on sports: “We come before you, dear readers, without the least hesitation, for knowing this to be the only paper for the youth of America devoted entirely to boys’ sports, we expect your firm support and hearty coöperation in placing us at the very head of juvenile literature. … It is our intention to publish nothing but the very best, and our numerous contributors will doubtless support us on this important point. Sporting news will be faithfully placed before our readers, and these, together with sparkling stories and amusing anecdotes, will never, for a moment, allow your interest in our sheet to subside.” “To One and All.” 1 (Jan 1870); p. 4]

• The Sportsman was extremely focused: “Since our paper is devoted to HUNTING, SKATING, BASE-BALL, PRINTING, FISHING, BOATING, CRICKET, ETC., ETC., articles on other subject will not be admitted to our columns. Original Stories on the above subjects will be thankfully received, and, if suitable, will be at once published. We shall have a Puzzle Department under the name of OUR GAME-BAG, where an able corps of young folks will tangle the threads. Enigmas, Puzzles, etc., will be thankfully received, and have a place in this interesting department.” [“Prospectus!” 1 (Jan 1870); p. 8]

source of AAS catalog; AASHistPer, series 5

AASHistPer, series 5

• notice. Public Ledger [Memphis, Tennessee] 11 Jan 1870; p. 4.

• “Editorial Correspondence.” Oliver Optic’s Magazine: Our Boys and Girls 8 (2 July 1870); p. 432.

The Little Corporal’s School Festival ; Jan-July 1870 The School Festival (also National School ; Oct 1870-1874

edited April 1871-March 1873, Alfred L. Sewell; Mary B. C. Slade

• April 1873-, T. A. Hutchins; Mary B. C. Slade

Chicago, Illinois: Sewell & Miller, Jan 1870-Jan 1871; publisher at 9 Custom House Place, 1870-1871.

• Chicago, Illinois: Alfred L. Sewell & Co., 1871-1872; publisher at 80 Washington St., 1871.

• East Boston, Massachusetts: N.p., April 1873-?

quarterly: Jan, April, July, Oct

36 pp.; page size, 7.75″ h

• Prices: 1870-1872, 1 copy, 15¢ 50¢/ year. 1873, 1 copy, 75¢/ year

• Circulation: 1872, 10,000

relevant The first issue (Jan 1870) was published in Nov 1869; issue 2 was published around 1 Feb 1870: “We have issued our first, January, number two months in advance, so that you may have plenty of time to give us a good list [ie, find other subscribers] before the year begins. Our nest number will be issued about the first of February.” [“Our Magazine.” 1 (Jan 1870); p. 32]

• Many pieces in the Festival are intended for adults managing the exhibitions, but issues contain pages of dialogues, speeches, and poems to be recited by children of all ages.


• Announcement: “This beautiful magazine, devoted entirely to School Exhibitions, Dialogues, Tableaux, Recitations, etc., is ready for January. All are delighted with it. It is just what is needed by every teacher and every scholar.”

• Later advertisements described the contents more fully: “ ‘THE SCHOOL FESTIVAL’ is a beautiful original quarterly Magazine, devoted to new, sparkling Dialogues, Recitations, Concert, Motion, and other Exercises for Sunday School and Day School Exhibitions, Concerts, ‘Public Days,’ &c. … Needed by all teachers and pupils.”

• The Festival was intended to bring fresh material to school exhibitions: “Books have been published, giving both original and selected dialogues, orations, and recitations. Other books have been devoted to tableaux and charades; but the complaint is that even the best of these books soon become stale. Juvenile and other literary periodicals have given occasional and disconnected attention to one or more of these subjects, just as many newspapers and magazines for grown folks have, for many years, had their small, half-worked corners called ‘The Children’s Department.’ But as these children’s ‘corners’ have only awakened an appetite for something better, … so it seems to us the time has come when the little ‘corners’ given in the juvenile magazines to school entertainments, festivals, tableaux, etc., and to materials out of which to make them, cannot supply the thirst for all these things. A regularly organized effort is needed to raise the standard of our literary entertainments, in both the weekday and Sunday school, not only by furnishing a continuous supply of superior original dialogues, recitations, tableaux, and other matters of interest for the programme, but by calling out practical suggestions from the best minds in the land as to the most approved methods of managing the different classes of entertainment, as well as the best way of handling both the actors and their performances. Some teachers, and pupils, too, are adepts in this beautiful and interesting science, and are able to invent and compose an almost endless variety of new and brilliant performances; but the great mass have not time, even if they have talent, for such things, and are glad to avail themselves of all the helps on which they can lay their hands. Our effort will be to secure the aid of those who have talent and time to enrich our pages for the benefit of those who are less favored. … Beginning as a quarterly, if we find it expedient to issue mroe frequently we will determine to do that hereafter.” [“Our Object.” 1 (Jan 1870); p. 1]

• Like The Little the School Festival endured some setbacks due to the Chicago Fire of 1871, including the destruction of not only the Oct 1871 issue, but the magazine’s subscription list: “Though burned out by the Great Fire, and our October Number being destroyed before being mailed,

The Festival

is going ahead,—the October Number has been reprinted, and the destroyed plates of the back numbers are to be replaced, so that we can furnish back numbers as usual. As our subscription list was burned, subscribers will please write and claim what is due them and send on their subscr[i]ption for the next year.” [advertisement. The Little Corporal 13 (Dec 1871): inside front cover (cover page 2)] The Philadelpia Inquirer received its copy in late Nov.

• The Brooklyn Daily Times took a chance to comment on the popularity of school exhibitions: “[The is a well arranged and carefully edited little magazine, and as the outgrowth of a peculiarity of American society, it is worthy of more than a passing notice. Taking the form of one of the lesser magazines, its pages are devoted to the publication of dialogues, recitations, and the details of grouping, costume, &c., for allegorical and historical tableaux. An indispensable publication in this age of school exhitions, Christmas entertainments and all the other excuses so eagerly seized by fond parents and ambitious pedagogues for displaying the ability or impudence of their children. We regard everything calculated to injure the ingenious modesty of children as a grave mistake, and we cannot therefore rejoice at the multiplication and the growing popularity of a system which we regard as essentially mischievous, but this much we can say that this magazine contans nothing to offend the taste of the most scrupulous, on the contrary, the selections it offers seem made in the interests of the temperance and anti-tobacco movements. It is worth the attention of teachers and parents.”

source of notices, etc., below; AASHistPer, series 5; OCLC; NUC

AASHistPer, series 5

• “The Little Corporal’s School Festival.” Detroit Free Press [Detroit, Michigan] 25 Nov 1869; p. 1.

• “The School Festival.” Corvallis Gazette-Times [Corvallis, Oregon] 25 Dec 1869; p. 2.

• “The School Festival.” The Little 10 (Jan 1870); p. 12.

• “Magazines for the Young.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 23 (Jan 1870); p. 38.

• “Book Notices.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 24 (March 1871); p. 114.

• advertisement. Golden 3 (June 1871); p. 2, advertising section.

• “The National School Festival.” The Representative [Fox Lake, Wisconsin] 7 July 1871; p. 2.

• “Book Notices.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 24 (Sept 1871); p. 342.

• “The Sufferers.” The Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 13 Oct 1871; p. 2.

• “Periodicals, &c.: The National School Festival.” The Philadelphia Inquirer [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] 1 Dec 1871; p. 7.

• advertisement. The Little Corporal 13 (Dec 1871): inside front cover (cover page 2)

• notice. The American Israelite [Cincinnati, Ohio] 25 April 1872; p. P8.

• notice. Oneida Circular 9 (29 April 1872); p. 140.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 32. []

• “Literary: The National School Festival for January.” Brooklyn Daily Times [Brooklyn, New York] 10 Jan 1872; p. 2.

• notice. Fall River daily Evening News [Fall River, Massachusetts] 1 April 1873; p. 2.

Work and Play ; Jan 1870-March 1872

edited Mrs. Herbert L. Bridgman, “a lady well known and friended in Springfield” [“Kindergarten Appliances”]

Boston, Massachusetts: Milton Bradley & Co.

monthly; 1 vol/ year

16 pp.; quarto; page size, 11.25″ h x 8″ w; price, $1/ year

• Circulation: 1870, 3,000


• Some contents of the Oct 1871 issue were printed in the Hartford Courant [Hartford, Connecticut; 20 Sept 1871; p. 2.].


• One prepublication advertisement promised that the magazine “professes to be specially devoted to the professions and occupations of home.” [advertisement. New England Farmer 18 Dec 1869] Another got more specific, calling it “a monthly journal of Instruction and Amusement for the young” and explaining that “[i]t features[ ]will be stories, sketches, occupations and amusements for the young.” [advertisement. The Star and A later article notes that it is “racy, bright full of puzzles”. [“A Swindler Photographed”]

• One notice praised the magazine for “the success of this new Magazine in a field original to itself, and in which instruction seems to be the main object, rather than hobgoblin stories and exciting accounts of impossible adventure.” [notice. The Atchison Daily

• The magazine’s wide variety is described in one creatively fonted advertisement: “The occupation, amusements, and instruction of the family a speciality. Games, Home Amusements, Sketches, Lessons, splendid Puzzles and beautiful Oil Chromos are prominent features in this original Magazine.” [“Work and Play.” Our

• Information about a criminal was included in or with the Aug 1870 issue: “ ‘Work and Play’ … furnishes, with the August number, two photographs and a description of the religious impostor who has so lately victimized certain benevolent people in Saratoga, Springfield and elsewhere. He is known as F. Whitcomb, or Wellington Wellman, or whatever name he cho[o]ses to give, and seems to have had a successful career as a swindler. Any police officer or other person who desires to lay by the ‘Reverend’ scamp’s physiognomy for future reference, can get it by sending a postage stamp to the publishers of ‘Work and Play.’ We may as well add here that this little monthly is racy, bright and full of puzzles and everyway worth the $1.00 it costs.” [“A Swindler Photographed”]

absorbed The Little Corporal ; July 1865-April 1875

relevant The merger with the Corporal was announced in that magazine’s April 1872 issue: “By an arrangement made with the publishers, Milton Bradley & Co., Springfield, Mass., the publication of and will hereafter be discontinued, and its subscribers will be supplied with the

Little Corporal

for the unexpired term of their subscription. … Work and Play was established with the express purpose of ‘increasing the interest in rational and instructive home amusements and occupations throughout the country.’ The work accomplished and the reputation achieved by this magazine in the peculiar field to which it was devoted, has been very great, and much good has resulted. Considering the character and excellence of Work and the


thinks he has obtained a distinguished recruit—and he welcomes all the friends of that magazine to the ranks of his great army with the assurance that he will do everything in his power to make it profitable and pleasant to them. We are glad to announce in this connection that Uncle Raphael will continue his excellent articles on Drawing, which had become so popular in Work and The first of these articles will appear in the next number of the


. Now for a vigorous campaign!” 14 (April 1872); p. 154] Beginning with the May 1872 issue, the puzzle column in the which had been called “Private Queer’s Knapsack,” was retitled “Work and Play.”

source of Little OCLC; Lyon; Men Who Advertise

• Pieces from the magazine were collected into The Work and Play Annual of Home Amusements and Social a 60-page paperbound book “with colored paper cover, and beautifully engraved plate for outside, containing about one hundred and fifty games, acting charades, illustrated rebuses, geometrical puzzles, &c., &c.” [advertisement of The Work and Play

• “Life on Mt. Washington,” one of a series of letters from men spending the winter on Mt. Washington (Agiocochook), New Hampshire, was reprinted in the Hartford Courant [Hartford, Connecticut; 7 March 1872; p. 1].

• advertisement. The Star and Enterprise [Newville, Pennsylvania] 11 Dec 1869; p. 2.

• notice. New England Farmer [Boston, Massachusetts] 18 Dec 1869; p. 2.

• “A Swindler Photographed.” The Burlington Free Press [Burlington, Vermont] 20 July 1870; p. 3.

• notice. The Atchison Daily Cahmpion [Athison, Kansas] 21 July 1870; p. 4.

• “Another Attraction for the Little Folks.” The Daily Kansas Tribune [Lawrence, Kansas] 22 July 1870; p. 3.

• notice. Wood County Reporter [Grand Rapids, Wisconsin] 25 May 1871; p. 3.

• notice of Oct issue. Hartford Courant [Hartford, Connecticut] 20 Sept 1871; p. 2.

• “Work and Play.” Our Venture [Brattleboro, Vermont] 1 Oct 1871; p. 8.

• notice. The American Israelite [Cincinnati, Ohio] 27 Oct 1871; p. P7.

• advertisement of The Work and Play Annual of Home Amusements and Social The Atchison Daily Champion [Atchison, Kansas] 20 Jan 1872; p. 4.

• notice of Feb issue. Holmes County Republican [Millersburg, Ohio] 1 Feb 1872; p. 3.

• “Kindergarten Appliances.” Quad-City Times [Davenport, Iowa] 31 March 1873; p. 4.

The Men Who New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 669. [google books]

• “Newspapers and Magazines: Work and Play.” The Girard Press [Girard, Kansas] 4 Jan 1872; p. 2.

• Editorial announcement. The Little 14 (April 1872); p. 154.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 245, 279, 308-312.

The Pious Youth ; Jan 1870-Dec 1871

edited H. R. Holsinger

Tyrone, Pennsylvania: H. R. Holsinger.

• Dale City, Pennsylvania: H. R. Holsinger, Oct-Nov 1871.

monthly; 1 vol/ year

1870, 16 pp.; page size, 10.5″ h. Price, $1/ year

• 1871, 32 pp.; page size, 8.5″ h; price, $1

• Circulation: 1870, 1,000; 1871, 1,500

• Religious focus: Church of the Brethren

source of AAS catalog; OCLC

AASHistPer, series 5

• A new paper. Bedford Gazette [Bedford, Pennsylvania] 3 Dec 1869; p. 3.

The Men Who New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 739. [google books]

• “The Pious Youth.” The Bedford Inquirer [Bedford, Pennsylvania] 14 Jan 1870; p. 3.

• “The Pious Youth.” Christian Family Companion 6 (7 June 1870); p. 36.

• “A Word for the Pious Youth.” Christian Family Companion 6 (13 Dec 1870); p. 778.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 152. []

Our Leisure Moments ; Feb-Dec 1870

edited Albert C. Ives; Frederick Samuel Dellenbaugh

Buffalo, New York


Octavo • Amateur publication

source of OCLC

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 253-254.

American Boy’s Magazine (also Philadelphia ; June 1870-May 1872

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Vol 1-2 #6 (1870-Feb 1872) as Philadelphia Monthly

source of NUC

The Children’s Argus ; June-after Nov 1870

edited Rebekah Black Shunk; editor at Lock Box 18, Easton, Pennsylvania

Easton, Pennsylvania: office of the Easton publisher at 147 Northampton St.


• listed as weekly in the Advertiser’s Hand-Book

Prices: 1 copy, 75¢/ year; 10 copies, $5/ year

relevant Shunk was the wife of James F. Shunk, editor of the Easton Weekly

• A “handsome extra Christmas number of the Child’s paper” was promised. [“The Child’s Argus.” Valley

relevant From a notice: “It will be devoted to the amusement and instruction of the young. Its pages will be soiled by no surreptitious politics nor by the disguised dogmas of any sect. It will be illustrated handsomely, and while the style and subjects of its articles will be simple and plain, it will not imitate some of the periodicals of this day by proceeding on the assumption that the young are all idiots.” [in “The Children’s Argus.” Valley

source of notices, etc., below

The Patriot reprinted “A Good ‘Hand of Write,’ ” by R. B. S. (Rebekah Black Shunk) [23 Nov 1870; p. 1]

• “A New Child’s Paper.” Intelligencer Journal [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 28 May 1870; p. 3.

• notice: “State News.” Patriot [Harrisburg, Pennsylvania] 17 June 1870; p. 1.

• “The Children’s Argus.” Valley Spirit [Chambersburg, Pennsylvania] 6 July 1870; p. 2.

• “Book Notices: The Children’s Argus.” Patriot [Harrisburg, Pennsylvania] 7 July 1870; p. 2.

• “Literary Department.” Southern Farm and Home 1 (Aug 1870); p. 377.

• notice of Aug issue: “State News.” Patriot [Harrisburg, Pennsylvania] 6 Aug 1870; p. 1.

The Advertiser’s New York, New York: S. M. Pettengill & Co., 1870; p. 45.

The Young Catholic ; Oct 1870-after July 1876

edited I. T. Hecker

New York, New York: Catholic Publication Society.


8 pp.; page size, 13.75″ h; prices: 5 copies, $2/ year; 15 copies, $5/ year; 500 copies, $125/ year

• Circulation: 1872, 50,000

source of AAS catalog; OCLC; AASHistPer

AASHistPer, series 5

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 129. []

• “Books Published by the Catholic Publication Society.” The Morning Star and Catholic Messenger [New Orleans, Louisiana] 27 Sept 1874; p. 7.

• “Books Published by the Catholic Publication Society.” The Morning Star and Catholic Messenger [New Orleans, Louisiana] 14 Feb 1875; p. 7.

Young Folks’ Rural ; Nov 1870-1874 Young Folks’ Monthly ; 1875-1880 Young Folks’ Rural ; 1880-1883 (also, Young Folks’ Rural

edited H[oratio] N. F. Lewis, 1870-1880. 1872-1875, publisher at 407 West Madison St.

• Milton George, 1876-1880

Chicago, Illinois: H. N. F. Lewis, 1870-1872.

• Chicago, Illinois: Milton George, 1876-1880. Also as Chicago, Illinois: The Western Rural.

• Chicago, Illinois: J. D. Tallmadge & E. B. Tallmadge, 1881.


1870, 8 pp.; price $1/ year, “The first 500 subscribers are to be credited for two years.” [“For Young Men and Young Women”]

• Sept 1871, 8 pp.; price $1/ year, “and free for remainder of this year to new subscribers for 1872.” [“The Young Folks’ Rural for September”]

• 1872-1873, 16 pp.; page size, 17.75″ h; price, $1.50/ year

• 1874-1875, 32 pp.; page size, 15.25″ h; price $1.50/ year

• 1876, 32 pp., “with tinted cover”

• 1876-1880, price $1/ year

• Sept 1872 is vol 3 #1 (whole #22)


• H. N. F. Lewis edited the Western for adults.

Young Folks’ offered “cash prizes” for “best ‘compositions’ ”—presumably, from its subscribers. [advertisement. Southern Planter and

• The Rural was the answer to an enigma published in the Tunkhannock Republican in 1871.

• Lewis’s career as a publisher was more colorful than most, with him being sued for libel by the Union Furnishing Company (which folded before the lawsuit could go forward) and with Lewis arranging some complex financial maneuvers that ended with him arrested and bankrupted, and the Young Folks’ Monthly in the hands of a new publisher. (See “Legal activities” listed below.)


• The magazine was “designed to Cultivate a Taste for Rural-Life among the Young People of both Country and City.” [advertisement. Christian

• One editor describes the magazine as a boys’ magazine: “It was full time that country boys had a better paper than are most that are published for them.” [“Book Notices, &c.”] A notice four years later asserts that “[t]here is everything, in fact, to interest the boy, and over his shoulder his little sister. Then, there are pictures of dogs and horses and things, little receipts for mamma, and scraps which the boy will perhaps remember and think of when he comes to be a man.” [“Young Folk’s [sic] Monthly”]

• A description: “An interesting monthly of sixteen pages and 64 columns. The number before us contains numerous articles on various topics, such as appear to be well adapted not only for the amusement, but likewise for the instruction, of the young.” [notice. American Journal of Many of Lewis’s advertisements tout the total number of columns of print for each issue.

• While the Rural was a victim of the Chicago Fire, Lewis vowed to publish again: “Although the presses and all the mater[i]al used by the Western Rural and Young Folks’ Rural were entirely destroyed in the great Chicago Fire, … our subscription lists were rescued, and … within one month from the Fire we intend to be out again in old form, style, &c. … New yearly subscribers, for either paper, will receive the whole of 1872 and the reaminder of this year, after the resumption.” [“The Western Rural”]

• Some editors were less than impressed by Lewis’s suggested text of notices: “A copy of the Young Folks Rural was received at this office last week, accompanied by a cooked up notice for our insertion, which same we inserted in the fire, as we claim a right to do, on occasion.” (But the editor went on to admire the paper, in detail.) [“A copy of the Young Folks

• Lewis asserted that the Rural was “used as a textbook in thousands of schools last season, for reading exercises and as a source for procuring dialogues and matter for declamation and recitation.” [“Opening of Schools”]

absorbed Young Folks’ ed. J. D. Tallmadge [“Milton George”]

source of notices, etc., below; Lyon; Fleming; OCLC; AAS

AASHistPer, series 5

• “For Young Men and Young Women.” The Atchison Daily Champion [Atchison, Kansas] 9 Aug 1870; p. 4.

• advertisement. Christian Union 19 Nov 1870; p. 2.

• “Young Folks’ Rural.” The Leavenworth Times [Leavenworth, Kansas] 4 Dec 1870; p. 2.

• “The first number.” The Highland Weekly News [Hillsboro, Ohio] 8 Dec 1870; p. 2.

• advertisement. Western Home Journal [Lawrence, Kansas] 22 Dec 1870; p. 3.

• “Book Notices, &c.” Southern Planter and Farmer 5 (Jan 1871); p. 62.

• advertisement. Christian Union 4 Jan 1871; p. 3.

• advertisement for the St. Cloud The St. Cloud Journal [St. Cloud, Minnesota] 2 Feb 1871; p. 2.

• “Enigma.” Tunkhannock Republican [Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania] 15 Feb 1871; p. 1. answer from Ella Terry. 8 March 1871; p. 1.

• “The Young Folks’ Rural for September.” The Ottawa Free Trader [Ottawa, Illinois] 16 Sept 1871; p. 1.

• “The Sufferers.” The Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 13 Oct 1871; p. 2.

• “The Western Rural.” Carlisle Weekly Herald [Carlisle, Pennsylvania] 26 Oct 1871; p. 2.

• “The Young Folks’ Rural is a novelty.” Steuben Republican [Angola, Indiana] 18 Sept 1872; p. 3.

• advertisement. Southern Planter and Farmer Oct 1872; p. 9.

• notice. American Journal of Oct 1872; p. 480.

• “The Young Folks’ Rural has been enlarged.” The Thibodaux Sentinal [Thibodaux, Louisiana] 5 Oct 1872; p. 2.

• “A copy of the Young Folks The Superior Times [Superior, Wisconsin] 12 Oct 1872; p. 4.

• advertisement. Southern Planter and Farmer Dec 1872; p. 9.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 32. []

• “The Stage.” The Iola Register [Iola, Kansas] 25 Oct 1873; p. 2.

• “An Enterprising Western Publisher.” Atchison Champion [Atchison, Kansas] 22 Aug 1874; p. 4.

• “Opening of Schools.” Doniphan County Republican [Troy, Kansas] 28 Aug 1874; p. 3.

• “Young Folks’ Monthly.” The Representative [Fox Lake, Wisconsin] 20 Nov 1874; p. 4.

• “Young Folks’ Monthly.” Oskaloosa Sickle [Oskaloosa, Kansas] 20 Feb 1875; p. 5.

• “Young Folk’s [sic] Monthly.” The Inter Ocean [Chicago, Illinois] 26 June 1875; p. 2.

• Legal activities: “Collapse of the Union Furnishing Co.” Holmes County Republican [Millersburg, Ohio] 19 March 1872; p. 3. • “H. N. F. Lewis Capiased.” The Inter Ocean [Chicago, Illinois] 1 Feb 1876; p. 2. • “The Western Rural.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 1 Feb 1876; p. 2. • “H. N. F. Lewis.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 13 Feb 1876; p. 16. • “H. N. F. Lewis Again.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 21 Feb 1876; p. 3. • “On Trial.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 22 Feb 1876; p. 3. • “The Court Record: Before Judge Blodgett.” The Inter Ocean [Chicago, Illinois] 20 Sept 1876; p. 3.

• advertisement for The Young Folks’ Ford County Blade [Paxton, Illinois] 28 Oct 1876; p. 7.

• “The Western Rural.” The Frankfort Bee [Frankfort, Kansas] 11 Nov 1876; p. 2.

• “Milton George.” The Garnett Republican-Plaindealer [Garnette, Kansas] 9 April 1880; p. 2.

• Herbert E. Fleming. Magazines of a PhD diss. University of Chicago, 1906; p. 406-407. [google books]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; p. 252.

The Young Pilot Young Pilot and Little Men ; Nov 1870-Sept 1871

edited 1871, Franklin H. Tinker

Chicago, Illinois: Young Pilot Publishing Company, 1870-1871. Chicago, Illinois: Franklin H. Tinker, 1871; publisher at 6 & 7 Farwell Hall.


32 pp.; price, $1/ year. In June 1871, new subscribers would receive 7 issues for 50¢.


• The cover of the first issue states that it is Dec 1870.

• Contents of the Feb 1871 issue are listed in The St. Cloud Journal and Every Contents of the July 1871 issue are described by the Detroit Free

• The Pilot probably ended because of the Chicago Fire; it’s listed as one of the magazines burned out. [Sheahan] Tinker is included on a list of the “Lecturers, Readers, and Singers, Sufferers by the Great Fire” for which the American Literary Bureau was seeking engagements—along with Robert Collyer and Robert Laird Collier, writers for the [“To Lecture Committees and Owners of Halls”]

• An amateur paper by this name was published in New Orleans, Louisiana, by J. F. Hansell in 1874. [“Amateur Publications.” Oliver Optic’s Magazine 15 (Jan 1874); p. 77.]


• Much was promised: “The Young Pilot. THIS IS THE TITLE OF A NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE, for the Youth, … supported by the ablest literary talent—William Everett, Thos. Powell, Wirt Sikes, Horatio Algier, [sic] Jr., Willy Wisp, and a host of other well-known writers.” Tribune 22 Oct 1870]

• The Brooklyn Daily Eagle was a bit caustic: “Chicago distinctly announces that this magazine is for ‘young people in their teens.’ It is an ambitious attempt of an ambitious country town to make a publication for those who have attained the years of indiscretion. As in all her other aspirations after culture, so in this, Chicago, has to reach out beyond herself. Equally, like all her other outreachings, so in this instance, Chicago feels in the wrong direction—extending her fingers to Boston, and pulling thence to the columns of the Mr. Wm. Everett and Charles Eliot Norton. Chicago is peculiar; Boston is peculiar; but Boston and Chicago as a combination, stun the imagination, and sicken all those who love their country. The single result of this double effort is a very yellow covered magazine of thirty-one reading pages. Mr. Everett does the serial ([“My Uncle’s Watch”—on tick and in pawn), Robert Laird Collier, who, it is due to the other Robert Collyer to say, bears no relation or resemblance to him, does the didactic, ‘books and reading;” Mr. Edgar Fawcett, one of those gentlemen who seem to have a pen in every magazine’s inkstand, does the poetry, ‘before parting’; O! Augusta Cheney, a possible relation of the recalcitrant rector of Chicago, or of the transcendental Elizabeth A., of Boston, does the virtues, her article being entitled ‘true courage’—the kind required to live, and most of all, to marry, in the Lake City; and Mr. Charles Eliot Norton does the imaginative memory, his paper being called ‘Reminiscences of a Young Engineer,’ peculiarly appropriate, considering the fact that Mr. Norton is neither young nor an engineer. With Mr. Everett’s serial, ‘My Uncle’s Watch,’ it would be unfair to tamper. That watch is entitled to run itself down, always provided it does not wind the Young Pilot up before it strikes the hour. Mr. Everett writes with that exact adaptation to young minds which practised literary habit, conserved by common sense, and inspired by a nature in sympathy with children and their sports, effects. Robert Laird Collier (with an i), to a mind not steeped in the Eleusinian mysteries of Illinois, seems to labor with severe stiffness to be elaborately easy. a long extract from Collier’s piece is followed by an equally long, sarcastic dissection of The other articles in the Young so called because Chicago is on a lake, which the lake couldn’t help, and thinks that a long-shore schooner is more imposing than the Royal George or the Great Eastern, do not call for especial notice. Miss Cheney’s ‘True Courage’ is all about another good boy who didn’t care if bad boys did accuse him ‘of being tied to a sister’s apron strings’ and who wouldn’t smoke. Just as if being tied to a sister’s (somebody else’s sister’s) apron strings wasn’t the height of happiness. The story ends early in the career of the boy. He undoubtedly recovered from his squeamishness, and in time learned to smoke in a manly and enthusiastic manner. Mr. Fawcett’s verses are in that sorrowful strain which savors of emotion and indigestion. … Give us open, cheery verses Mr. Fawcett, or none. As a mourner you are not a success. The Pilot is well printed and its subscription price is one dollar a year.” [3 Feb 1871] The Times Union didn’t agree with the Eagle about Fawcett’s poem, calling it “a poem of rare beauty” and quoting part, commenting that “[i]f this is not poetry, we profess not to know what constitutes poetry.” [1 Feb 1871]

• Edited by Franklin H. Tinker, the magazine was still for “young people in their teens”: “Wide awake, instructive and entertaining, the Young Pilot yet keeps its motto, ‘Learning is the Safeguard of Youth,’ ever in view, and furnishes, in addition to Interesting Sketches, Lovely Stories, Charming Poetry, etc., monthly, practically written articles on popular subjects.” [advertisement. Wisconsin State Journal 15 Aug 1871]

source of notices, etc., below; WorldCat; Sheahan; Scott

Part of “Before Parting,” by Edgar Fawcett, was reprinted in the Times Union [1 Feb 1871]

• advertisement. Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 22 Oct 1870; p. 1.

• We are in receipt of the initital [sic] No. Urbana Union [Urbana, Ohio] 23 Nov 1870; p. 3.

• notice. Massachusetts Ploughman and New England Journal of Agriculture 30 (26 Nov 1870); p. 2.

• “The Young Pilot.” The Leavenworth Times [Leavenworth, Kansas] 27 Nov 1870; p. 2.

• notice. American Literary Gazette and Publishers’s Circular Dec 1870; p. 25.

• “Young Pilot for the Youth of America.” Green Bay Weekly Gazette [Green Bay, Wisconsin] 3 Dec 1870; p. 3.

• advertisement of Jan issue. Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 22 Dec 1870; p. 1.

• The January number. The St. Cloud Journal [St. Cloud, Minnesota] 29 Dec 1870; p. 3.

• “Our Book Table.” The Leavenworth Times [Leavenworth, Kansas] 29 Dec 1870; p. 2.

• “Young Pilot.” Atchison Daily Patriot [Atchison, Kansas] 30 Dec 1870; p. 4.

• notice. American Literary Gazette and Publishers’s Circular 16 (Jan 1871); p. 69.

• “Young Pilot.” Atchison Daily Patriot [Atchison, Kansas] 28 Jan 1871; p. 4.

• “The Young Pilot.” Times Union [Brooklyn, New York] 1 Feb 1871; p. 1.

• advertisement for the St. Cloud The St. Cloud Journal [St. Cloud, Minnesota] 2 Feb 1871; p. 2.

• “Literary Notices.” The St. Cloud Journal [St. Cloud, Minnesota] 2 Feb 1871); p. 2.

• “The Young Pilot.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle [Brooklyn, New York] 3 Feb 1871; p. 1.

• “Our New Contributor’s Column.” Ashtabula Weekly Telegraph [Ashtabula, Ohio] 11 Feb 1871; p. 3.

• notice. Every Saturday 2 (25 Feb 1871); p. 187.

• “The Young Pilot.” The San Francisco Examiner [San Francisco, California] 10 March 1871; p. 3.

• The Young Pilot for March. The Ottawa Free Trader [Ottawa, Illinois] 11 March 1871; p. 6.

• notice. Southern Planter and Farmer 5 (April 1871); p. 243.

• notice. Maine Farmer 39 (10 June 1871); p. 2.

• “Young Pilot.” Ohio Farmer 20 (24 June 1871); p. 393.

• notice. Detroit Free Press [Detroit, Michigan] 7 July 1871; p. 3.

• advertisement. Wisconsin State Journal [Madison, Wisconsin] 15 Aug 1871; p. 1.

• “The Young Pilot.” Mower County Transcript [Lansing, Minnesota] 17 Aug 1871; p. 4.

• H. R. F. “In and About Chicago.” Wisconsin State Journal [Madison, Wisconsin] 28 Aug 1871; p. 2.

• The Young Pilot. South-Eastern Independent [McConnelsville, Ohio] 15 Sept 1871; p. 4.

• “The Sufferers.” The Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 13 Oct 1871; p. 2.

• “To Lecture Committees and Owners of Halls.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 20 Oct 1871; p. 4.

• James W. Sheahan and George P. Upton. The Great Chicago, Illinois: Union Publishing Co., 1871; p. 159.

• Franklin William Scott. Newspapers and Periodicals of Illinois, Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, vol 6, Bibliographical Series, vol 1. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois State Historical Library, 1910; p. 105. []

The Little Missionary ; Dec 1870-1920

edited Amadeus Abraham Reinke

• 1898, J. Taylor Hamilton

• 1906-1913, John F. Romig

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Clauder.

• Nazareth, Pennsylvania: O. Eugene Moore, 1900.


4 pp.; page size, 21″ h x 14″ w; price, 30¢/ year

• Circulation: 1872, 6,700-8,000 [Jensz; p. 175]

• 1908, 3,504

• Religious focus: Moravian

relevant Apparently intended for the “English Sunday schools.” [“Religious”]

changed The Moravian Missionary

source of Jensz; Rowell; Levering; Stocker; Proceedings

AASHistPer, series 5 (1874-1876 only)

• A story was reprinted in the Memphis Daily Appeal [Memphis, Tennessee; 23 Feb 1873; p. 2]

• “Religious.” The Philadelphia Inquirer [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] 14 Jan 1871; p. 2.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 151. []

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory for 1877. New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co.;, 1877; 264. [google books]

• “Unitas Fratrum.” Lancaster New Era [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 22 May 1884; p. 4.

• “Points About People.” The Allentown Leader [Allentown, Pennsylvania] 8 Dec 1893; p. 1.

• “The Moravian Synod.” Lancaster New Era [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 9 Sept 1898; p. 2. Also, The News-Journal [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 10 Sept 1898; p. 3.

• “Bought the Moravian.” The Allentown Leader [Allentown, Pennsylvania] 20 Jan 1900; p. 1.

• “Moravian Publications Removed.” Lancaster New Era [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 9 Feb 1900; p. 2.

• Joseph Mortimer Levering. A History of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1903; p. 713. []

• “Arranging for Third Summer Conference of Ministers and Christian Workers.” Intelligencer Journal [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 20 June 1906; p. 5.

• “Synod Hears Reports of Educational Institutions.” Lancaster New Era [Lancster, Pennsylvania] 4 Sept 1908; p. 2.

• “Lititz News.” The Lancaster Morning Journal [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] 19 Feb 1913; p. 4.

• Harry Emilius Stocker. A History of the Moravian Church in New York New York: N.p., 1922; pp. 301-302. []

Proceedings of the Society for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen, for the Year Ending August 23, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Society for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen, 1906; p. 13. []

• Felicity Jensz. “Firewood, Fakirs and Flags: The Construction of the Non-Western ‘Other’ in a Nineteenth Century Transnational Children’s Periodical.” Schweizerischen Zeitschrift für Religions-und Kulturgeschichte 105 (2011); pp. 167-191.

The Little Schoolmate ; Dec 1870-Jan 1876; May 1876?

edited New York Catholic Protectory

West Chester, New York: New York Catholic Protectory.

Dec 1870-1875, monthly; May 1876, semimonthly

8 pp.; page size, 28″ h x 21″ w; price, 50¢/ year

• Circulation: 1872, 4,000

• Religious focus: Catholic

relevant Edited and printed by boys, who ran the presses for the Protectory.

source of AASHistPer, series 5; Rowell; “Charity”

AASHistPer, series 5

• notice. De la Salle Monthly 5 (Aug 1871); p. 99. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 135. []

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory for 1873. New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1873; p. 245. []

• advertisement for press of Boys’ Catholic Protectory. Sadliers’ Catholic Directory, Almanac, and Ordo for New York: D. & J. Sadlier & Co., 1875; “Publishers and Booksellers,” p. 37. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory for 1875. New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1875; p. 253; online at UNT Digital Library

Trow’s New York City Directory for the Year Ending May 1 comp. H. Wilson. New York: Trow City Directory Company, 1876; p. 44. [google books]

• “A Great Catholic Charity.” Notre Dame Scholastic 9 (25 March 1876); p. 470; online at University of Notre Dame Archives

• Thomas C. Middleton. “Catholic Periodicals Published in the United States.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of N.p.: American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia, 1908; vol 19, p. 35. [google books]

Loving Words for Children ; 1871-after 1872

edited E. Payson Hammond

Boston, Massachusetts: Willard Tract Repository.


8 pp.; 9″ h x 7″ w; price, none

• Religious focus


• The editor apparently planned for the magazine to make no money for anyone associated with it: “[M]any papers are published just to make money, but that is not the object of this paper. No one is to receive any pay at all for their writings or labors for it.” [in Little

• The magazine took no advertisements. In place of listing a subscription price, the editor requested donations: “But how will it live in this material world, if it takes Well, we notice a little note at the end of the last page, which says, ‘All donations in aid of the circulation of this paper will be acknowledged in the succeeding number, giving the initials of the donor. All communications should be addressed to Charles Cutler, 18 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass.’ ”

source of Rowell; Little Corporal

• notice. The Congregationalist 29 Dec 1870; p. 414.

• “ ‘Loving Words for Children.’ ” Little Corporal 12 (Feb 1871); p. 65.

• “Our Exchanges: Loving Words for Children.” Home Guardian 33 (1 July 1871); p. 215.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 75. []

Happy Hours ; 1871-1872

edited O. A. Roorbach

New York, New York: O. A. Roorbach; publisher at 102 Nassau St. New York, New York: Happy Hours Company, 1872; publisher at 22 Ann St.


16 pp.; price, 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 5 copies, $1/ year

• Circulation, 1872, 6,000

source of Youth’s Companion ; Christian Union

• advertisement. The Youth’s Companion 44 (19 Jan 1871); p. 24.

• advertisement. Christian Union 3 (12 April 1871); p. 225.

• advertisement. Christian Union 5 (24 Jan 1872); p. 103.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 126. []

Apples of Gold ; 1871-1917

Boston, Massachusetts: Hurd & Houghton, for the American Tract Society.


4 pp.; printed in color

• Circulation: 1872, 47,000 [“The American Tract Society”]


• “For youngest readers the American Tract Society provides Apples of the first volume of an illustrated weekly, which is rendered doubly attractive by its generous type and abundant engravings.” [“Juvenile Books.” The Independent 21 Nov 1872: 6.]

• “ … [T]his one is for the earliest stage, the little four and six year olds, two pages of it each week being printed in large, clear type, and expressed in short, simple words, that can readily be mastered by the little ones themselves in their first lisping efforts at reading.” [“Apples of Gold” Old Dominion p. 65]


• Intended for “infant classes.” [notice. Christian

• The bound volume for 1872 was available for $1. [advertisement. The The bound volume included an extra four full-page color illustrations. [notice of bound volume]

source of notices, etc., below; OCLC

AASHistPer, series 5 (1874 only)

• notice. The Christian World 21 (Oct 1870); p. 327.

• notice. Christian World 23 (June 1872); p. 199.

• notice of bound volume. Vermont Watchman and State Journal [Montpelier, Vermont] 12 June 1872; p. 1. Also, abridged notice of bound volume. The Burlington Free Press [Burlington, Vermont] 8 June 1872; p. 3.

• “The American Tract Society.” Argus and Patriot [Montpelier, Vermont] 20 June 1872; p. 4.

• advertisement. The Independent 17 Oct 1872; p. 6.

• “Juvenile Books.” The Independent 21 Nov 1872; p. 6.

• notice. Christian Union 13 Dec 1871; p. 382.

• “Apples of Gold.” Zion’s Herald 31 Oct 1872; p. 521.

• “Book Notices.” Portland Transcript [Portland, Maine] 36 (2 Nov 1872); p. 242.

• notice. Ladies’s Repository 9 (Dec 1872); p. 469.

• “Our Book Table.” Vermont Chronicle [Bellows Falls, Vermont] 21 Dec 1872; p. 3.

• “Apples of Gold.” The Old Dominion Magazine 7 (1 Jan 1873); p. 65-66.

Every Boy’s Magazine ; 1871

edited William Rideing; 1871, 4 Province Court

Boston, Massachusetts: William H. Rideing; publisher at 4 Province Court


12 pp.; page size, 12″ h x 9″ w; price, 50¢/ year

• Circulation. 800

relevant Apparently only one issue: not listed in Rowell in 1872; and all reprinted extracts appear in the 1 Jan 1871 issue.


• “A new monthly periodical, called Every Boy’s is to be published here [Boston], by Mr. W. H. Rideing, the first number to appear with the new year. As its name implies, it will be devoted to the entertainment of boys, and will be published at the low price of fifty cents per year. the proprietor has had considerable experience in connection with magazines and newspapers in England and in this country, and is likely to make his new venture valuable and popular.” [“Literary News”]

• Rideing was precise about his audience: “Believing that a sound, wholesome Magazine for boys—we include all who have not seen twenty-one in the term—is wanted, and that if well and consistently conducted, such a venture would be supported, we issue “

Every Boy’s Magazine

,” with an earnest intention to spare no pains that can make it fulfill the comprehensiveness of its title. Strange to say, there is not a single periodical of merit that can claim to be devoted to boys. There are, it is true, unfortunately, clumsy weekly broad-sheets, blood-and-thundery in tone, questionable in morals, and alarmingly feeble in grammar, which find many readers among youth; but other than these there is no distinctly boys’ publication. We cannot help thinking, therefore, that there is abundant room for such a paper as ours. But should we find there is not room, we are determined to publish a magazine, so excellent, pertinent, and beneficial in character, that it shall speedily make room wherever boys are.” [“Ourselves.” 1 Jan 1871; p. 6]

• The magazine was to cover a variety of subjects: “A series of sketches of ‘Eminent Living Journalists’ will be furnished by the editor and others. We expect our department for ‘Amateur Mechanics’ will become immensely popular; and we shall do all in our power to cultivate the practical in our readers. Then we shall have sprightly articles on indoor and outdoor games, sports, and recreations; fascinating sketches of natural history, travel, and adventure. We have made special provision for postage stamp collectors, and an experienced philatelist will contribute and illustrated monthly record of newly issued stamps—and all other matters of interest to collectors. In every department and all respects shall we aim to amuse, instruct, and make better.” [“Ourselves.” 1 Jan 1871; p. 6]

• The magazine was proposed at 16 pages, but published at fewer; however, more was promised: “Instead of sixteen pages, as first proposed, we give twelve of a greater size; but if our subscribers assist us we will have an immediate enlargement.” [“Ourselves.” 1 Jan 1871; p. 6] The twelve pages had three solid pages of advertising.

• The St. Joseph Saturday Herald homed in on a single serial: “the last literary sensation is a serial story in the new periodical,

Every Boy’s Magazine

, founded on the extraordinary romance of the Missing Earl of Aberdeen,” it announced on page 2 [“Current Paragraphs”], while on page 3 appeared a small advertisement for the magazine which focused on “Dod-Ma: The Missing Earl of Aberdeen.”

• “The Cheapest Magazine in the Country.” “As its name implies, EVERY BOY’S MAGAZINE is a periodical for youth of all ages, and it well fulfills the comprehensiveness of its title. In it boys will find all their diversified interests well attended to. Writers of the first rank contribute to its pages, and while it does not claim to be a religious paper, its purpose is to elevate, instruct, and make [advertisement. Little

• Rideing offered advice to wouldbe contributors: “We shall be glad to receive manuscripts, and will give all our careful consideration, paying a fair price for those we accept, and returning to the writers, when postage stamps are inclosed for that purpose, those we cannot use. But the following rules must be complied with, or the waste-basket will be inevitable: All manuscripts must be written in a legible hand, on one side of the paper only; each page must be consecutively numbered at the right hand corner, and the full name and address of the author must accompany every manuscript. Do not forget the class of

Every Boy’s Magazine

, and that the articles most suitable to our pages are adventures, short stories, reminiscences of travel, historical or biographical sketches. Please don’t send love stories, romances of the middle ages or the South Sea Islands, if you have never been out of your own country. Exercise this self-denial for our sake.” [“Authors and Manuscripts.” 1 Jan 1871; p. 6]

source of Little AAS catalog

• AASHistPer, series 5

• The Nashville Journal [Nashville, Illinois] reprinted “The Sagacity of Elephants.” [9 Feb 1871; p. 4.] The piece was reprinted by Youth’s Companion as “Polite Elephant” [28 Dec 1871].

• The Erie Ishmaelite [Erie, Kansas] reprinted “Scene in a School-Room,” by Lettice Thorpe [24 Feb 1871; p. 4]

• The Centralia Fireside Guard [Centralia, Missouri] reprinted “A Hotel in Siberia,” by Thomas W. Knox [1 April 1871; p. 4]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1871; p. 64. []

• “Literary News.” The Literary World 1 (1 Jan 1871); p. 126.

• “Current Paragraphs.” St. Joseph Saturday Herald [St. Joseph, Michigan] 14 Jan 1871; p. 2.

• “Dod—Ma.” St. Joseph Saturday Herald [St. Joesph, Michigan] 14 Jan 1871; p. 3.

• Every Boy’s Magazine. The News [Newport, Pennsylvania] 21 Jan 1871; p. 3. Also, The Star and Enterprise [Newville, Pennsylvania] 26 Jan 1871; p. 4.

• advertisement. Little 5 (Feb 1871): inside back cover (cover page 3).

• “Magazines, Etc.” Black River Gazette [Ludlow, Vermont] 10 Feb 1871; p. 7.

Der Kinder-Bote (Children’s messenger); 1871-?

edited A. O. Brickmann

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Sunday-school paper of the Church of the New Jerusalem

• Religious focus: Swedenborgian

• German-language periodical

source of Arndt; Fraser

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979); pp. 27-31.

Little Christian ; 1871-1904?

Boston, Massachusetts: H. L. Hastings.


4 pp.; page size, 14″ h x 11″ w. Prices, 25¢; 1870, 8 copies, $1/ year; 1872, 4 copies, $1/ year

• May have been supplement for The Christian (1866-after 1880); published by itself, however, by 1870

• Religious focus


• Advertisements for The Christian contained a list of what it didn’t contain; the list changed with the years: 1870: “No sectarianism, controversy, politics, puffs, pills, or patent medicines.” 1872: “No SECTARIANISM, Controversy, Politics, Puffs, Pills, Patent Medicines, Novels or Continued Stories, ALLOWED IN ITS 1880: “free from sectarianism, politics, controversy, advertisements, puffs, pills, and whisky bitters; containing pictures, stories, incidents, providences, answers to prayer, poetry, music, Temperance, religion, and common sense.”

source of NUC; OCLC; Rowell

AASHistPer, series 5

• advertisement for The Springville Journal [Springville, New York] 19 Nov 1870; p. 5.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 75. []

• advertisement for The Rutland Independent [Rutland, Vermont] 17 Aug 1872; p. 8.

• advertisement. Raleigh Christian Advocate [Raleigh, North Carolina] 24 Nov 1880; p. 8.

• advertisement. New York Evangelist 51 (30 Dec 1880); p. 7.

• notice. Christian Union 29 (10 April 1884); p. 358.

The Child’s Friend ; 1871?-after 1873

edited C. G. G. Paine

Chicago, Illinois: Bright Side Company.

1872, monthly • 1873, semimonthly

• 1872: 4 pp.; page size, 19″ h x 13″ w; price, 25¢/ year

• 1873: 4 pp.; price, 50¢/ year

• Religious focus: It was “designed especially for Sunday schools.”


• The Friend was created as a result of the Chicago Fire. Until Nov 1871, its parent periodical, The Bright was published in a weekly edition and a semimonthly edition; after the Fire destroyed much of Chicago’s publishing community, the weekly Bright Side merged with a family magazine, and the semimonthly Bright Side became The Child’s

• C. G. G. Paine, who edited the Bright Side 1871 through 1873, was a teacher in the Chicago High School. [When providing your supply of reading for the year]

• Though the Bright Side Company advertised for printers and agents through July 1873, efforts to keep the Friend and its companion Bright Side alive failed, and the business went bankrupt, owing subscribers about $500. In 1874, the bankruptcy was finalized: “In the matter of the Bright Side Company, George W. Campbell, the Assignee, filed a petition stating that the Company issued two publlications, the Bright Side Family Circle and the Child’s There is due to subscribers on these papers about $500, and due the Company on unpaid subscriptions $200. Alfred Martin, of Philadelphia, has agreed to take the burden of filling the subscriptions on condition of receiving an assignment of the debts due, and the Assignee asks that such an arrangement may be allowed, which was granted.” [“The Courts”]

created Bright Side Bright Side and Family Circle ; July 1869-after 29 June 1873

source of Notice; Rowell; Scott

• notice. The Advance 5 (28 Dec 1871); p. 5.)

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 31. []

• “The Magazines, Etc.: The Bright The Advance 5 (8 Feb 1872); p. 6.

• The Bright Side and Family Circle. Decatur Weekly Republican [Decatur, Illinois] 8 Feb 1872; p. 5. Also, The Courier [Waterloo, Iowa] 15 Feb 1872; p. 3. Also, Nashville Journal [Nashville, Illinois] 17 Feb 1872; p. 7.

• When providing your supply of reading for the year. The Donaldsonville Chief [Donaldsonville, Louisiana] 22 Feb 1873; p. 2.

• “The Courts: Bankruptcy Items.” Chicago Tribune [Chicago, Illinois] 6 Feb 1874; p. 7.

• Franklin William Scott. Newspapers and Periodicals of Illinois, Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, vol 6, Bibliographical Series, vol 1. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois State Historical Library, 1910; p. 110. []

Youth’s Gazette ; 1871

San Francisco, California: William C. Forde

relevant Perhaps never published; copies of the Gazette have not been located, and it appears in no business directories. “Small Rivals” includes the only mention of the periodical thus far encountered.

relevant The Gazette apparently was Forde’s attempt to regroup after an acrimonious split with his business partner, with whom he published The Pacific J. Clarence Collins and his brothers removed the business offices to another address. [“Removed”] Though Forde occupied the original office, his attempt to control the business by getting the subscriptions from one of the agents ended in larceny and assault: “There are two juvenile papers published in this city, called the Pacific Youth and the Youth’s between whom there exists a strong rivalry, and, as far as we could learn from the case, one of the papers is a split from the other. A man named Turner carries the Youth every week, and last week, while quitely [sic] attending to his business, he was accosted by John Shea, who said he wished to have his name put down as a subscriber to the and when Mr. Turner took out his pencil to write it down in his book, Shea snatched the book away from him and threw it to another man, who turned out to be William C. Foard, [sic] proprietor of the Turner immediately saw that it was a ‘put up job’ between Shea, who is the printer in the Gazette office, and Foard, and had them arrested on charges of assault and battery and petty larceny, but when he recovered the book accounts amounting to about $20 were gone. The charge of assault and battery was dismissed, and the petty larceny case continued, so that the parties might have a chance to compromise the matter.” [“Small Rivals”]

split The Pacific Youth (1870-1872)

source of articles, below

• Henry G. Langley, comp. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing April, San Francisco, California: Henry G. Langley, 1871; pp. 167, 256, 512. []

• “Removed.” San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco, California] 11 June 1871; p. 2.

• “The ‘Pacific Youth’ War.” San Francisco Bulletin 15 June 1871; p. 3.

• “The ‘Pacific Youth’ War.” San Francisco Bulletin 16 June 1871; p. 3.

• “Small Rivals.” San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco, California] 29 June 1871; p. 3.

Our Little People (also, Our Little People ; Jan 1871-1934

edited Rev. A[tticus] G[reene] Haygood, 1871-1873

• W. G. E. Cunnyngham, 1875-1876

Nashville, Tennessee: Whitmore & Smith

• 1871, monthly?

• 1914, quarterly

7.25″ h

• 1875: 1 copy, 30¢/ year; 10 copies, $1.10/ year

• 1880: 4 pp.

• For children 6 to 8 years old

• Circulation: 1871, 20,000 copies/ month. 1873, 50,000 copies/ month. 1899, 210,000. 1903, 205,000. 1908, 168,733/ week; 2,025,000/ year. 1911, 193,500/ quarter; 774,000/ year. 1914, 228,000

• Religious focus: Methodist Episcopal

continued Primary Class

source of Batsel; NUC

• “Periodical Publications.” Republican Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 26 March 1871; p. 4.

• “Methodist Publishing House.” Republican Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 2 march 1873; p. 3.

• “Periodicals.” The Milan Exchange [Milan, Tennessee] 9 Dec 1875; p. 2.

• “Sunday School Periodicals.” Raleigh Christian Advocate [Raleigh, North Carolina] 14 July 1880; p. 5.

• “The Virginia Conference: Literature Used.” Virginian-Pilot [Norfolk, Virginia] 16 Nov 1899; p. 11.

• “Notes and Personals.” North Carolina Christian Advocate [Greensboro, North Carolina] 13 May 1903; p. 9.

• “Interesting Figures given.” Nashville Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 24 Jan 1908; p. 4.

• “Many Church Publications: Methodist Publications.” Nashville Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 13 Sept 1911; p. 7.

• “For National House: Publishing House Prosperous.” The Baltimore Sun [Baltimore, Maryland] 14 May 1914; p. 10

• “Some Facts of Interest.” North Carolina Christian Advocate [Greensboro, North Carolina] 8 Oct 1914; p. 11.

Lutherisches Kinder- und Jugendblatt (Lutheran children’s and young people’s paper); Jan 1871-Dec 1938

edited L. W. Dorn; Johann Paul Beyer

St. Louis, Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, Jan 1871-Dec 1938.


16 pp.; quarto

• Organ of the German Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and other states

• Religious focus: Lutheran

• German-language periodical

source of Arndt; Fraser

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979); pp. 27-31.

The Children’s Paper ; Jan 1871-after 1873

Dayton, Ohio: Henry J. Kurtz.


4 pp.; page size, 21″ h x 15″ w. Price: 1871, 40¢/ year; 1872-1873, 30¢/ year. 1873, 25¢/ year

• Religious focus: United Brethren in Christ

relevant Groups of 13 subscribers for 1873 received a map of Palestine.

source of Rowell

• advertisement. The Gospel Visitor 21 (Jan 1871); back cover (cover page 4). []

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 143. []

• “Books and Papers.” Northern Ohio Journal [Painesville, Ohio] 19 Oct 1872; p. 2.

• advertisement. Western Reserve Chronicle 57 (13 Nov 1872); p. 1; online at Library of Congress Historic American Newspapers

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1873; p. 173. []

• “Map of Palestine.” The Friday Jeffersonian [Findlay, Ohio] 18 April 1873; p. 1.

The Sunday-School Magazine Church School Magazine ; Jan 1871-Dec 1931

edited 1871-1872, A. G. Haygood

Nashville, Tennessee: Publishing House of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Jan 1871-Dec 1931.

monthly; 1 vol/ year

32 pp.; page size, 8.5″ h; price, $1

• Circulation: 1872, 1,200. 1873, 12,000

• Religious focus: Methodist Episcopal

source of OCLC; Rowell

AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 only)

• “Church Celebrities”: Rev. A. G. Haygood, D. D. Republican Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 2 April 1871; p. 4.

• “Methodist Publishing House.” Republican Banner [Nashville, Tennessee] 2 March 1873; p. 3.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 173. []

Young Israel (also ; Jan 1871-1900

edited Louis Schnabel • Morris Brecher

New York, New York: L. Schnabel & M. Brecher, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Printing Establishment.


48 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h; price, $3/ year • Oct 1875-May 1878: includes German supplement

• Religious focus: Jewish


• Printed by the young people of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Printing establishment

• Though some sources list the Young Israel as being published until around 1900, Richman states that “[i]t was published for about five years, when for financial reasons the publication was discontinued.” An obituary of Louis Schnabel in 1888 speaks of the paper in past tense.

continued Israel’s Home Journal (for adults)

source of NUC; OCLC; Richman

• Antelope. “Our New York Letter.” The Times-Picayune [New Orleans, Louisiana] 11 Jan 1871; p. 1.

• notice. The American Israelist [Cincinnati, Ohio] 17 Feb 1871; p. P10.

• notice. The American Israelist [Cincinnati, Ohio] 19 May 1871; p. P9.

• notice of issue #8. The American Israelist [Cincinnati, Ohio] 18 Aug 1871; p. P9.

• “New York Charities.” The American Israelite [Cincinnati, Ohio] 8 Nov 1872; p. P9.

• advertisement. The American Israelite [Cincinnati, Ohio] 27 June 1873; p. P7.

• advertisement. The American Israelite [Cincinnati, Ohio] 11 June 1874; p. P7.

• Julia Richman. “The Jewish Sunday School Movement in the United States.” The Jewish Voice [St. Louis, Missouri] 31 Aug 1900; pp. 5-6.

• Naomi M. Patz and Philip E. Miller. “Jewish Religious Children’s Literature in America: An Analytical Survey.” Phaedrus 7 (Spring/Summer 1980); p. 21.

Morning Light ; Jan 1871-after Jan 1877

New York, New York: American Tract Society.


8 pp.; page size, 10″ h. Price, 8 copies, $1; 100 copies, $12.00

• Religious focus


• Intended for “Infant Classes, Mission Schools, Freedmen, and Foreigners wishing to learn English: for beginners, old or young.” [1 (Feb 1871); p. 24]

• The issues for 1872 were available as a bound volume: Volume II., for the year 1872, with illustrated paper cover, and plentifully supplied throughout with beautiful wood-cut pictures, to please the little folks. It contains alphabets of various sized letters, easy lessons for little learners in words of one syllable, simply-told, instructive stories, and poetry for the youngest. A choice gem to aid the mother, or to enliven the nursery. Price only 35 cents.” World Jan 1873]

• An advertisement in 1877 points out that this eight-page monthly “can be divided into a semi-monthly four-page paper.” [“It Costs No More”]

Our School and Our Home

source of AAS catalog; OCLC; notices, etc., below

AASHistPer, series 5

• advertisement. Reformed Church Messenger 37 (25 Jan 1871); p. 8.

• notice. Tunkhannock Republican [Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania] 22 Feb 1871; p. 3.

• notice. Christian World 23 (June 1872); p. 199.

• notice of bound volume. Christian World 24 (Jan 1873); p. 29.

• advertisement: “It Costs No More.” Vermont Chronicle [Bellows Falls, Vermont] 27 Jan 1877; p. 4.

Young Folks Journal (also Little March 1871-May 1874

Brinton, Pennsylvania


Amateur publication

source of NUC

Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper ; 1 Oct 1871-15 Dec 1873

edited E[dward] C. Allen

Augusta, Maine: E. C. Allen & Co.


8 pp.; quarto; page size, 15.75″ h x 11″ w; price, $1/ year

• Circulation: Oct 1871 (from magazine), 1,000,000 copies; 15 Dec 1871 (from magazine), 500,000; 1872, 330,000

• In 1871-1872, each issue included an engraving and biography of “distinguished scholars” in various high schools, mostly in Augusta; the column was similar to one appearing in 1872 in Frank Leslie’s Boys’ and Girls’


• The paper’s introduction to its readers was … extensive, with the Paper trumpeting its accomplishments over five separate pieces extolling the color print of Niagara Falls sent as a premium (“Our Fifteen Dollar Chromo”); announcing that “as long as money expended without stint, and the united energy of the publishers and editors, can make it so, Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper shall be the best publication for the young, in America. The illustrations alone will cost us over twenty-five thousand dollars per (“To Our Friends”); reprinting a note from a paper supplier that the publishers had “given us an order for printing paper,—to be delivered as fast as they need it—amounting to two hundred and fifty thousand (“The Cost of Printing Paper”); asserting that “[w]e announced the general character of the paper, and were greeted at once by a rush of subscribers, and at the present date we are most happy to be able to say that Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper has a larger number of actual subscribers than any other paper of its class,” and that “[o]f this, the first number, we print the immense number of One Million (“One Million Copies”); and that “it always gives us the greatest pleasure to mingle with young people, from prattling infancy up to those who begin to think they are getting too old to be called ‘young folks,’ but we hope to drive away from all the idea that they are too old to have young hearts, and we intend to make joyous, happy children of all our readers, whether they bound abroad with the flush of youth, or stoop with the weight of years. We expect ringing peals of laughter, and the clapping of tiny hands for joy at our coming will be heard at every fireside, and on every play-ground, and when the eye whose lustre years have dimmed shall peruse our pages, the cheerful smile and gathering tear will attest the awakening of thoughts of early days, of dreams of youth long since forgotten, now returned to brighten the skies and make hearts young again. We hope to be always the most welcome guest,—no, not exactly that,—we hope to be so essential to every household, as to be counted one of the on no account to be parted with.” (“Our Bow”) [1 (1 Oct 1871); p. 6]

• The Paper hoped to appeal to a wide range of readers: “Little children who delight to listen to tales of fairy-land; little girls anxious to dress dolly in a pleasing style; little boys who love their toys and puzzles, to frolic on the green or tumble in the snow; youths inspired by a hopeful glance forward to years of riper activity; manhood who would avoid the shoals and quicksands, the rocks and perils on the voyage of life, and reach the other shore with a stainless soul; old age just on the shores of Time’s dark river, who would look back through the dim vista of years, and remember again the bright beginning of its pilgrimage; fathers, who would have their sons and daughters take places of usefulness and honor in life’s great struggle; mothers, the most sacred of all,—can there be a hope, a thought, a care for her offspring, not found in the mother’s heart? no, not one,—but to you all we bring greeting; may your latest memory cling fondly to the hour when we, no longer strangers, appeared among you, friends, companions, playfellows—all that you may hope for that is pure and ennobling, we shall devote our energies to assist you in attaining—and may you all long live to hail with joy the arrival of Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper.” [“Our Bow.” 1 (1 Oct 1871); p. 6]

• The second issue promised great things: “Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper [h]as now been before the public long enough for us to ascertain how well we have succeeded in catering to please the young people, and old people, too, who have young hearts. We are very much flattered at our success at getting up the paper, which we are assured by thousands of subscribers in all parts of the country, is just such a publication as they have long desired, and will patronize as long as it is kept up to its present standard. We assure all that our efforts shall be untiring, and our money shall be expended without stint, for all necessary purposes ever to make Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper, the most interesting, useful, entertaining, and elevating young folks’ publication in the world.” [1 (15 Oct 1871); p. 12]

• The new offices of Allen & Co. were described in a flattering article in 1871: “Messrs. Allen & Co. have just moved into their new publishing house, which they have built during the past summer. It is an elegant structure of brick, with granite and freestone trimmings. All the fitting inside are superb. The first story is used for a storage room, and here may be seen, at any time, tons upon tons of paper, waiting for the printing presses. The second story is the pressroom, where on an average, one hundred thousand papers per day are printed and folded. The folding is done by machines, folding sixty papers per minute. The third story is the mailing department, and included in the furnishing of this room, are thirty tons of type, which is required for printing the names of subscribers on the papers. The names of subscribers are printed on the papers at the rate of sixty per minute, by wonderful little machines. The fourth and fifth stories are devoted to the compositors department, and the business and private offices of the establishment, which are fitted up and furnished with the greatest elegance. The sixth story is devoted to an electrotype foundry, and a department for folding pamphlets, circulars, &c. The entire building is warmed by steam, and pure water runs to every department and room. The cost of the building exceeds one hundred thousand dollars, and is a standing witness to the energy of the enterprising publishers.” [“A Great Publishing Enterprise”]

• As an inducement to subscribe, the Paper was bundled with one of Allen’s story papers for $3; subscribers also would receive “an elegant framed picture.” The bargain sometimes worked better for the publisher or the agent accepting subscriptions, as evidenced by a complaint in the Vermont “The papers have not yet been forthcoming, ditto the pictures. Neither has the agent, who has been written to, been heard from in reply. Nor, indeed, does the Publishing Company, who have been written to about the matter, seem disposed to throw any light upon the subject. Is the whole thing a swindle?” [“Quechee”]

• In 1872, Allen was sued by Osgood & Co., publisher of Our Young for infringing their title: “The complainants are the well-known publishers of Boston, who are proprietors and publishers of ‘Our Young Folks,’ an illustrated magazine for young people, first published in December, 1864. The title of the magazine was entered according to law, for the purpose of securing the copyright, and each number of the magazine has been copyrighted before publication. Complainants allege an exclusive right to use the title ‘Our Young Folks,’ arising from the copyright so obtained, and from the fact that they were the first to apply the title to a magazine, etc. The respondent, a publisher at Augusta, Me., announced that he would publish, … commencing October 1, 1871, an illustrated publication for young people, under the title ‘Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper,’ and did issue a very large edition of the same, and, upon demand by the complainants before publication, he refused and still refuses to withdraw the announcement or to change the title, and has published and sold large numbers under said title. Relief is sought by complainants not only under the law of copyright but upon the general ground of equity as related to the good will of trades and the doctrine of trade-marks. … The agreed statement of facts is silent on the question whether the public are deceived or are in danger of being deceived as alleged. And whether the customers of the complainants or the public are induced to believe, or are in danger of being induced to believe, that respondent’s publication is in fact the complainants’, and thereby led to the purchase of the respondent’s magazine under the belief that it is the complainants’. The case will, therefore, be referred to a master to ascertain and report the fact upon the foregoing questions to the court, and further proceedings in the case will be stayed until the coming in of the master’s report. R. M. Morse, Jr., and R. Stone, Jr., Butler & Fessenden of Portland, for plaintiffs; Causten Browne and J. S. Holmes, A. R. Strout of Portland, for defendants.” [“Law and the Courts”] The case was interesting, as the Morning Oregonian explains: “Osgood & Co. brought suit to restrain the publication of Allen’s magazine, basing their claims for relief upon two grounds: First, that the copyright secured to them the exclusive right to use the title; and, second, that in the name of their magazine, regardless of the question of copyright, they were entitled to protection on principles analogous to those upon which trade marks are protected. It was alleged in the complaint that the similarity of names misled and deceived the public. The first point the court—Judge Shepley—overruled, holding that the copyright gave no protection to the title page separately, or in any manner except as it constituted a part of the book. But he sustained the complaint on the second point, and held that a name lawfully adopted stands the same before the law as a trade mark, and is entitled to protection against piracy, upon recognized principles of equity-jurisprudence. The case was referred to a master to take the evidence and to report whether the facts were as alledged.” [“An Interesting Decision”] By the end of the year, however, both periodicals had ceased publication.

• The last issue of the Paper announced its demise: “Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper has been consolidated with The Maine State Magazine, and all subscribers will hereafter be supplied with that publication for the length of time that they subscribed. The Maine State Magazine is a large monthly publication, very handsomely illustrated, and contains an extensive Young Folks’ Department. It is published by Messrs. True, Hallett & Co., Portland, Maine. We are sure this will be amply satisfactory to all subscribers, and under existing circumstances, we are most happy at having been able to make so favorable an arrangement. We thank our friends most heartily for their patronage and good will. Our Young Folks’ Illustrated Paper now makes its most respectful bow, and retires.” [“Particular Notice to Subscribers!” 3 (15 Dec 1873); p. 48]

continued The Maine State Magazine

source of Oct 1871-Aug 1872, scattered issues (located in Winterthur Library, Wilmington, Delaware); notices, etc., below; AASHistPer; OCLC

AASHistPer, series 5

• notice. The Christian World 21 (Oct 1870); p. 327.

• notice. Maine Farmer 39 (17 June 1871); p. 2.

• notice. Maine Farmer 39 (19 Aug 1871); p. 2.

• notice. Maine Farmer 39 (28 Oct 1871); p. 2.

• “A Great Publishing Enterprise.” Black River Gazette [Ludlow, Vermont] 10 Nov 1871; p. 2.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 67. []

• E. Rowell. “The Press of Kennebec County.” In History of the Press of ed. Joseph Griffin. Brunswick: 1872; p. 99. []

• J. R. Osgood & Co. The St. Johnsbury Caledonian [St. Johnsbury, Vermont] 5 April 1872; p. 3.

• notice. Christian World 23 (June 1872); p. 199.

• “Quechee.” Vermont Journal [Windsor, Vermont] 3 Aug 1872; p. 6.

• “Law and the Courts: James R. Osgood et al vs. Edward C. Allen.” The Boston Globe [Boston, Massachusetts] 4 Feb 1873; p. 5.

• “An Interesting Decision.” Morning Oregonian [Portland, Oregon] 18 Feb 1873; p. 2.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 245, 313-315.

Boys’ Ledger ; 1872-1873?

edited Percy W. Thompson

Washington, District of Columbia: Percy W. Thompson.

price, 25¢/ year

relevant Amateur periodical

source of Kelly; “Amateur Papers”

• “Amateur Papers.” Oliver Optic’s Magazine: Our Boys and Girls 13 (April 1873); p. 286.

Children’s Periodicals of the United ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, Connecticut & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Good Words for the Children ; 1872-after 1878

edited M. K. Ware, 1874

Lexington, Kentucky: Transylvania Printing and Publishing Co., 1874-1878; publisher at 49 E. Main, 1876

semimonthly: 2nd & 4th Sunday each month

1874: 4 pp.; 21″ h x 14″ w; price: 50¢/ year

• 1876: 4 pp.; price, $1.25/ year for the Good Words and the Children’s Friend

• Religious focus


• Alternates with The Children’s with the same editor and publisher

• Though Rowell says Good Words was founded in 1872, the issue for 10 Sept 1876 is vol 8 #47

source of AASHistPer; pieces listed below

AASHistPer, series 5 (as Good Words for 1876 only)

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper New York, New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1874; p. 72.

Kentucky State Gazetteer and Business Directory, for Louisville, Kentucky: R. L. Polk & Co., 1876; p. 238.

• A. Hogeland, comp. Centennial Report of the Mineral and Agricultural Resources of the State of N.p.: Courier-Journal Job Rooms, 1877; p. 35.

Pettengill’s Newspaper Directory and Advertisers’ Hand-Book for New York, New York: S. M. Pettengill & Co., 1878; p. 211.

Hebrew Sabbath School Companion ; 1872

New York: Adolph L. Sanger, A. S. Isaacs, and Morris S. Wise

relevant “It lived only one year, dying of financial starvation.” [Richman]

source of Richman

• Julia Richman. “The Jewish Sunday School Movement in the United States.” The Jewish Voice [St. Louis, Missouri] 31 Aug 1900; p. 6.

Der Kinderfreund (The children’s friend); 1872-1874?

edited J. B. A. Ahrens

New Orleans, Louisiana: J. B. A. Ahrens.


Organ of the German Methodist Church, Southern Louisiana Conference

• German-language periodical

• Religious focus: Methodist

source of Arndt; Fraser

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979); pp. 27-31.

Our Little Ones ; 1872-1931 Story World ; 1931-after 31 Aug 1969

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: American Baptist Publication Society.

• Later issues: Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: American Baptist Board of Education and Publication.


1876: 4 pp.; price, 1 copy, 50¢/ year

source of AAS catalog; OCLC; AASHistPer

AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 only)

Der Schutzengel (The guardian angel); 1872-1875?


16 pp.; large quarto

• Religious focus: Roman Catholic

• German-language periodical

source of Arndt; Fraser

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979); pp. 27-31.

What Next? ; March 1872-1874

Chicago, Illinois: John B. Alden.


price: 1872-1873, 30¢/ year; 50¢/ year with a chromolithograph

• 1874, 25¢/ year

• Circulation: Feb 1873, 7039 new subscribers; April 1873, 36,000, “increasing now at the rate of 300 to 400 new names every day” Democrat 17 April 1873] April 1873, 6,450 “cash subscriptions”

relevant Issues sometimes featured colored illustrations


• Notices asserted that subscription rates were increasing: “[W]e are pleased to learn from the publisher that his receipts for June were more than double that of any previous month.” Press 11 July 1872]

• In keeping with contemporary publishers, in autumn Alden offered free issues to those who subscribed for the next year: “The four remaining numbers of the present year are offered free to subscribers for 1873, whose money is received during September.” Valley Republican 19 Sept 1872]

source of AAS catalog; OCLC; notices, etc., below

AASHistPer, series 5 (1873 only)

• “The Press.” Democrat and Chronicle [Rochester, New York] 10 April 1872; p. 2.

• “What Next.” Sterling Standard [Sterling, Illinois] 9 May 1872; p. 7.

• “What Next?” for June. Lake Geneva Herald [Lake Geneva, Wisconsin] 8 June 1872; p. 2.

• “What Next?” The Girard Press [Girard, Kansas] 11 July 1872; p. 3.

• “What Next?” Sterling Standard [Sterling, Illinois] 18 July 1872; p. 7.

• “What Next?” Monongahela Valley Republican [Monongahela, Pennsylvania] 19 Sept 1872; p. 4.

• “What Next?” Holton Express [Holton, Kansas] 17 Oct 1872; p. 4.

• advertisement. Christian Union 6 (6 Nov 1872); p. 399.

• “What Next?” Wyandot County Republican [Upper Sandusky, Ohio] 14 Nov 1872; p. 4.

• “What Next?” The Petroleum Centre Daily Record [Complanter, Pennsylvania] 9 Dec 1872; p. 2.

• advertisement. Sioux City Journal [Sioux City, Iowa] 17 Dec 1872; p. 3.

• advertisement. The Independent 25 (2 Jan 1873); p. 14.

• advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 51 (30 Jan 1873); p. 36. Also, 51 (20 March 1873); p. 92.

• “What Next?” Solomon Valley Pioneer [Lindsey, Kansas] 8 Feb 1873; p. 4.

• “What Next?” Mower County Transcript [Lansing, Minnesota] 13 March 1873; p. 3.

• “What Next?” The Eaton Democrat [Eaton, Ohio] 17 April 1873; p. 4.

• advertisement. Zion’s Herald 50 (1 May 1873); p. 144. Also, Christian Union 7 (28 May 1873); p. 3.

• “What Next?” Manhattan Beacon [Manhattan, Kansas] 17 May 1873; p. 7.

• “What Next?” The Weekly Herald [Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin] 7 June 1873; p. 4.

• “One Million Girls Wanted! and One Million Boys!” Christian Union 8 (24 Dec 1873); p. 4. Also, The Independent 26 (2 April 1874); p. 15.

The Young Cadet ; Aug-Oct 1872, Dec 1872-1873?

edited Willett J. Hyatt

Poughkeepsie, New York: Willett J. Hyatt.

1872, 16 pp.; price, $1/ year; newspaper format. 1873, 32 pp.; price, $1/ year (according to an advertisement); 64 pp.; price, 50¢/ year (according to prospectus) [“Grand Prospectus.” Dec 1872; p. 44]

• Dec 1872 issue is vol 1 #3

• No Nov 1872 issue: “[W]e have skipped one No. the November No. It is owing to the fact that we had no management of

The Young Cadet

until after Dec. 6th, when it was too late to think of getting out the Nov. No.” [“A Fraud.” Dec 1872; p. 44]

• The masthead declares that the Cadet is “The Official Organ of Cadets of Temperance.”


• While the masthead speaks “temperance,” an advertisement in the Dec 1872 issue of Cadet offered brandies and wines.

• Willett J. Hyatt was 18 in 1872 and promoted various amateur publications in the he hopes to make the Cadet the “Champion Amateur of the World.” However, the Cadet also includes at least one page of advertisements for Poughkeepsie businesses and lists three advertising agents in Philadelphia, New York, and Boston.

• The Cadet printed a serial by Harry Castlemon and planned to print Horatio Alger in 1873.

• Hyatt led an … interesting life, keeping a hotel in Philadelphia, acting (sometimes) as a literary agent, hiring ministers to substitute for vacationing clergy, and pursuing studies in law school before dying of consumption at age 29. [Obituary]


• Hyatt seems to have gotten in over his head more than once: “In the last number of the Star Spangled published at Hinsdale, N. H., one Hyatt, who figured here [in Poughkeepsie] for a short time, is pretty roughly handled. In referring to an Ohio paper of the ‘dead-beat’ order, the Banner says: [‘]It[s] promises are not carried out, nor does it intend that they shall be. Of this same class was a certain published by a young sprout named Hyatt, at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Hyatt received all he could get and has disappeared, returning no doubt to the classic shades of Castleton, Vt., where he was raised. He gave the Banner “fits” for exposing him as a swindler, but those whom he victimized can now judge if it would not have paid them to have heeded our warning.’ ” [“In the last number”] (Unfortunately, I’ve been unable to find the quoted piece.)

• A slightly tongue-in-cheek piece by a fledgling author considering placing a manuscript with Hyatt’s Athenaeum Bureau of Literature points up the tininess of Hyatt’s operation and the fact that Hyatt owed money: “Room No. 36 in the building at No. 37 Park-row is a small apartment, into which the sunlight never enters. Here, sitting at a desk beneath a lighted chandelier, a literary man from Nevada yesterday met Mr. Willett J. Hyatt, the manager of the ‘Athenaeum Bureau of Literature.’ … The gentleman who answered to the name of Hyatt is a small man, with a remarkably thick head of hair, and eyes that twinkle as they look at you. He seems to be perpetually winking at his visitors. The only other occupant of the room was a small girl, who was engaged in arranging circulars for the mail. She was a human automaton, taking no notice whatever of the conversation, but attending strictly to her work. Upon being informed of the object of the visit, Mr. Hyatt became very attentive to the Nevada man. He was anxious to see the manuscript of the new book, and was sure that if it was worthy of publication he could place it to much better advantage than his caller possibly could do. His bureau was in regular correspondence with 844 book publishers, and some of them would certainl[y] make the venture. The Nevada man wondered if the girl attended to all that correspondence.” [“A Bureau of Literature”] Hyatt’s response to the article delicately dissects the piece.

source of OCLC; AASHistPer; notices, below

AASHistPer, series 5 (Dec 1872 issue)

• advertisement. Knoxville Daily Chronicle [Knoxville, Tennessee] 6 March 1873; p. 4.

• “In the last number.” Poughkeepsie Journal [Poughkeepsie, New York] 15 Feb 1874; p. 3.

• “A Bureau of Literature: How to Make Money Out of Poor and Unknown Authors.” New York Times 8 Oct 1879; p. 8.

• Willett J. Hyatt. “The Athenaeum Bureau.” New York Times 13 Oct 1879; p. 3.

• Obituary of Willett J. Hyatt. The Brandon Union [Brandon, Vermont] 23 March 1883; p. 3.

The Young Folks Gem ; Nov 1872-after Nov 1876

Wadsworth, Ohio: John A. Clarke. One newspaper lists the publisher as George C. Bennett. [“Fragments: A correspondent”]

• Sharon Center, Ohio: John A. Clarke.


Page size, 7.75″ h • Newspaper format

• 1873-1876: 8 pp.

• Prices: 1873, 30¢/ year; 1874, 25¢/ year; 1875, 30¢/ year

relevant There may have been an attempt to resurrect the Gem in 1882: an advertisement for children to act as agents for the paper appeared in several newspapers. Price for subscription was 25¢/ year. There is no indication that the paper was published. [“Boys and girls are wanted”]

• Like many periodicals for children, the Gem printed a column of letters from subscribers—more than a few praising the paper.

• Premiums and advertisements were an essential part of the readers’ experience: about an eighth of the Gem is devoted to subscribing and to the wonderful premiums available; two pages of the Nov 1873 eight-page issue are thus filled. Each newspaper advertisement included the information that a chromolithograph would be sent to every subscriber.


• Hyperbole seems to have been the lifeblood: it is described in one advertisement as being “read every month by upwards of 250,000 persons. Its proprietors have just erected a new building for an office, and have added many improvements, making it one of the most complete printing offices in the country.” [“Young Folks’ Gem.” Chase County The Gem did, indeed, include “Monthly Circulation, 250,000” above its advertising rates in issues for 1874. A circulation of 250,000 is a distinct increase in the number of issues printed per month in Nov 1873, which was a paltry 60,000. [“Our Circulation 60,000.” Nov 1873; p. 4]

• Secondary pieces—and editorial comments in issues of the to a certain amount of insecurity about the editor’s honesty. The statement of the number of copies per month printed of the Gem in Nov 1873 was attested to by a notary public, the document being reprinted in the [“Our Circulation 60,000”] “A correspondent of the Medina one paper points out (the Gem was published in Medina County, Ohio), “pronounces the Young Folks’ published at Wadsworth by one Geo. C. Bennett, an unmitigated humbug.” [“Fragments: A correspondent”] This morsel would seem to be part of an unusual advertising campaign, given that the Gem actually asks “Are our Premiums a Swindle?” in its Nov 1873 issue: “The large value of our premiums surprise some persons; they even think there


be a deception.” (The piece explains that manufacturers were so thrilled to have their products featured as the premiums that they sent only the highest quality merchandise.) But hints that subscribers to the Gem were being swindled persisted and were actually addressed in the pages of the paper: “A Certain Little One says that we are very careful to ‘keep beyond the reach of the law.’ It is because we are careful to tell the truth, and thus need have no fears of the law. We can prove every assertion we have made, and time will soon disclose the fiat of fate that awaits them.” [Dec 1874; p. 4.] Clark several times printed “References” who would attest to his honesty.

• More than one newspaper addressed problems with the mostly with its premiums. The Richwood “There is a swindling establishment, in Sharon Center, from which a small paper in pamphlet form is issued, called the ‘Young Folks Gem,’ printed monthly. A copy of it is sent to some little girl in a place, containing a prospectus, in which it is proposed to send each subscriber, at 25¢ per year, a handsome chromo, called ‘Little Daisy,’and offering prizes of considerable value for clubs of different sizes. The little girl then raises a club of other little girls and sends on the money to find that they have been swindled. Look sharp for ‘Little daisy.’ ” [“A Swindle”] The Highland “Young Folks Gem is the title of a small monthly …. Profuse in promises of premiums, it is swindlingly slack in fulfillment. Specifications in proof if demanded, and editors would do well to warn against a plundering concern, playing upon the confidence of children. So writes our Sinking Springs correspondent, and we publish for the benefit of the public.” [“Young Folks Gem.” The Highland

• The editor of the Gem hit back at some critics: “The Public should bear in mind that the


is the oldest child’s paper published in this region of the country, and that all others in this locality were started as money-making speculations. Remember, too, that a majority of them were started, and are now conducted, by parties discharged from the


office as incompetent. These facts furnish their own condlusions.” [Jan 1875; p. 4.]

• Harry Allen remembered his own unpleasant experience with the premiums: “To-day I received a circular from the proprietor of the Young Folks’ Gem, a little paper pretended to be published by John A. Clark, Wadsworth, Ohio. He wants subscribers. I suppose he has sent one to other little folks in Waterloo besides myself. And before they send him any money, I wish … to tell them my experience with this Nearly two years ago I received a similar circular offering to the one getting up a club, as a premium, a set of carpenter tools, and to each subscriber a picture called ‘Little Daisy.’ I thought it would be nice to get the paper, picture and premium, so I went to work among my little friends and got 14 names which I sent with the money to the proprietor of the A little after I got up another club of sixteen or eighteen, and sent the names and money as before. After waiting a long time I received as the premium for my first club a few diminutive tools made of bass wood and tin, not worth a cent for use and costing, may be, ten cents. I also received the picture for each member of the first club, which I delivered to them. Several weeks after I received as a premium for the second club a small magnifying glass, but the pictures for the second club were never sent, and the paper was never sent to either of the clubs. I wrote to Mr. Clark several times asking him to send the papers and pictures that had been promised and paid for, but he paid no attention to my request. … I got my Pa to write Mr. Clark for me, but he had no better success than I. Now I hope no little girl or boy will get so badly fooled by the Young Folks’ Gem as I and my young friends have been.”

source of NUC; AAS catalog; OCLC; AASHistPer; notices, etc., below

AASHistPer, series 5

• “Fragments: A correspondent.” The Summit County Beacon [Akron, Ohio] 12 Nov 1873; p. 3.

• “A Swindle.” Richwood Gazette [Richwood, Ohio] 15 Jan 1874; p. 3.

• “Young Folks Gem.” The Highland Weekly News [Hillsboro, Ohio] 22 Jan 1874; p. 3.

• “The Young Folks’s Gem.” Chase County Courant [Cottonwood Falls, Kansas] 4 Dec 1874; p. 1.

• “The Young Folks’s Gem.” Carlisle Weekly Herald [Carlisle, Pennsylvania] 3 Dec 1874; p. 3.

• advertisement. The Missouri Granger [Macon, Missouri] 2 Feb 1875; p. 5.

• “We have received No. 1. of the fourth volume.” The Alamance Gleaner [Graham, North Carolina] 30 Nov 1875; p. 3.

• Harry Allen. “Young Folks’ Gem.” The Courier [Waterloo, Iowa] 29 Dec 1875; p. 8.

• “The Young Folks’ as revised and improved.” The North Alabamian [Tuscumbia, Alabama] 24 Nov 1876; p. 3.

• “Boys and girls are wanted.” New Ulm Review [New Ulm, Minnesota] 13 Dec 1882; p. 3.

The Laurel Wreath ; 1872?-after 1874

edited William Worth Dowling, 1874

Indianapolis, Indiana: William Worth Dowling.


1874, 16 pp.; price, 8¢

• 1874 is vol 3. Jan 1874 is vol 3 #1; April 1874 is vol 3 #2; July 1874 is vol 3 #3; Oct 1874 is vol 3 #4.


• Dowling is listed as the editor of the Wreath in a news article in May 1875. [“Elder W. W. Dowling.”]

• The Wreath was “filled with Exercises for Sunday-school Concerts and Exhibitions.” [advertising page. Oct 1874; p. 58]

• Religious focus

source of AAS catalog; “Elder W. W. Dowling”; AASHistPer

AASHistPer, series 5 (1874 issues only)

• “Elder W. W. Dowling.” The Cincinnati Daily Star [Cincinnati, Ohio] 21 May 1875; p. 1.


What was the first children's periodical? ›

The Children's Magazine was the first magazine for children published in the United States. Its run was brief, however; it only appeared between January and April 1789.

What is the history of childrens magazines? ›

Children's magazines have existed in the United States since 1789 when George Washington became the first president and children were considered little adults, and research indicates these periodicals will continue to survive and thrive even with the fate of print in the hands of digital natives.

Which is the oldest children's magazine? ›

Answer: The Children's Magazine was the first magazine for children published in the United States. Its run was brief, however; it only appeared between January and April 1789. The Children's Magazine.

What are the 3 types of periodicals? ›

Magazines, newspapers, and journals are all periodicals.

What is the purpose of a periodical? ›

The main purpose of popular periodicals is to entertain the reader, to sell products (their own or their advertisers), and/or to promote a viewpoint.

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